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Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four)

Mr. Paul Cooijmans

*Complete footnotes and reference style listing, respectively, at the bottom*

ABSTRACT

Interview with Paul Cooijmans. Independent psychometitor and administrator of The Glia Society and The Giga Society. He discusses: high-range intelligence testing, three core interests of high-range intelligence testing, a brief warning on megalomaniacs, and the positives and negatives of the ultra-high IQ world; restrictions/qualifications based on specific tests and test scores, issues related to intelligence assessment, and the two groups which join high IQ societies, and the foundation of GliaWebNews, Young and intelligent?, Order of Thoth, The Glia Society, Order of Imhotep, The Giga Society, and The Grail Society with an emphasis on The Glia Society and The Giga Society.

Keywords: administrator, high-range intelligence testing, GliaWebNews, megalomaniacs, Order of Imhotep, Order of Thoth, Paul Cooijmans, psychometitor, The Giga Society, The Glia Society, The Grail Society, Young and Intelligent?.

*Incomplete, common reference style listing without access dates.*

American Medical Association (AMA): Paul C. and Jacobsen S. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal [Online]. July 2015; 8(A). Available from: http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/.

American Psychological Association (APA, 6th Edition, 2010): Cooijmans, P. & Jacobsen, S.D. (2015, July 22). Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four)Retrieved from http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/.

Brazilian National Standards (ABNT): COOIJMANS, P. & JACOBSEN, S. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. 8.A, July. 2015. <http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/>.

Chicago/Turabian, Author-Date (16th Edition): Cooijmans, Paul & Jacobsen, Scott. 2015. “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. 8.A. http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/.

Chicago/Turabian, Humanities (16th Edition): Cooijmans, Paul & Jacobsen, Scott “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. 8.A (July 2015). http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/.

Harvard: Cooijmans, P. & Jacobsen, S. 2015, ‘Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four)’, In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, vol. 8.A. Available from: <http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/>.

Harvard, Australian: Cooijmans, P. and Jacobsen, S. 2015, Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four)’, In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, vol. 8.A., http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/.

Modern Language Association (MLA, 7th Edition, 2009): Cooijmans, Paul, and Scott D. Jacobsen. “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal 8.A (2015): July. 2015. Web. <http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/>.

Vancouver/ICMJE: Cooijmans P. and Jacobsen S. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four) [Internet]. (2015, July); 8(A). Available from: http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/.

11. You describe the continuous fascination with high-range intelligence testing, especially in the “gifted” ranges of high-range intelligence tests.[1] With respect to the three core interests in these high-range intelligence tests, you state:

The attraction of these tests, to the testee, lies in three aspects: One may derive pleasure from taking them, similar to solving difficult puzzles. Also one learns how one’s score compares to those of other high-range candidates, and thus gains insight into one’s performance level on different types of hard problems. And finally, there is a wide array of high-IQ societies that accept scores on the tests.[2]

However, and intimately linked to these positive interests, there exist negative reasons for entrance into the world of high-range intelligence testing.[3] You wrote about this one article, Beware of megalomaniacs.[4] You have joked about intelligence tests for the high range as a “megalomaniac’s waterloo.”[5] You describe, quite frankly, the nature of serious problem behaviors within the intelligence testing business.[6] For Instance, you wrote:

The truth is there are people, well known in and sometimes outside high-I.Q. circles, who have based their reputation on certain high test scores they claim. They use those scores for publicity, mention them in interviews, have them listed in biographical reference works, put themselves on self-published lists of “highest I.Q. scores” with their own score on top as the god-king with the world’s highest I.Q., and so on. The scores help them to become and stay famous, sell books, and make money.[7]

What other positives and negatives exist in this rare and rarefied world of the ultra-high IQ?

Apart from the megalomania and fraud with tests and scores, a negative development I observe in some I.Q. societies are the committees of quack therapists, occultists, and psychics of all sorts, some using hollow “doctor” titles, who have clearly joined to prey on unsuspecting members. This has to do with the notion, popular in those circles, that “giftedness” is a kind of problem or disorder, and that one needs “help” with it. On several occasions I have attended “Giftedness day” in the Netherlands, and most of the stands were occupied by vultures like this, eager to get their claws on anyone “diagnosed” with “giftedness” and “help” them with methods including astrology, tarot, clairvoyance, and so on. And what is worse, there is an abundance of easy meat for them in I.Q. circles.

But the biggest disappointment about the high-I.Q. world is the lack of females. The higher the pass level, the greater the male/female ratio. When selecting strictly and without compromise at the 99.9th centile, one gets about 15 times more men than women. For males interested in eugenic mate selection, I.Q. societies are thus not the ideal place to be. This phenomenon is not unique to high-range mental testing, but seen in other fields with high cognitive demands too, be it professions, hobbies, or sports; wherever high intelligence is needed, you tend to find more males than females. While answering this interview, I saw a newspaper article about a “high frequency trading” company. The journalist asked an officer of the firm why there were only men sitting behind all of those computer screens, and if women were not interested in the job. He replied, “Oh yes, we get many female applicants. But our standards are high and we test candidates thoroughly before hiring them. Women just do not seem to get through the selection procedure. They are very welcome though”. At moments like that, almost by accident, one is confronted with a truth one would perhaps rather not know.

To avoid misunderstanding, I should add that men are not necessarily smarter than women on average. But when focusing on the high range, one sees more men than women. I have tried to attract more females to high-range testing, and even constructed a test consisting exclusively of tasks on which females are known to outscore males, but to no avail. The low representation of females remains a serious shortcoming of high-I.Q. societies.

The biggest plus about I.Q. societies, or at least about the good ones among them, is that they offer possibilities for publication and self-realization to creative individuals who are too unusual, deviant, original, or far ahead of their time to be accepted by the mainstream media or scientific world. Another good thing is that one can get in contact with intellectual equals. Since the rise of the Internet though, those purposes are also served outside the I.Q. societies.

12. Qualification for high IQ societies requires restrictions. Restrictions based on the specific test and test scores.[8] You have described with typical clarity the issues related to assessment or measurement of intelligence.[9] In addition, you provide the relevant definitions of assessment, measurement, and statistical terminology too.[10],[11],[12],[13],[14],[15],[16],[17],[18],[19],[20],[21],[22],[23],[24],[25],[26],[27],[28],[29],[30],[31],[32],[33],[34],[35],[36],[37],[38],[39],[40],[41] You note, in an interview from 2002, two apparent groups take tests and join societies. You wrote:

About people joining societies and taking tests, there seem to be two groups, probably with some overlap: the “mainstream” and the “outsiders.” The latter are the ones who initiate things like IQ societies. The first start coming in once a group is growing well, and when the group gets to be a certain size – maybe like 300 to 400 – the “mainstream” tends to take over, maybe because of their better persuasive/manipulative skills which do well in democratic and group processes.

Once the “mainstream” is in power, which I think is the case in larger Mensa chapters, the ISPE and Triple Nine in some of its periods, the freedom goes and the censorship comes. The “mainstream” want things like a journal that is suitable for the whole family, professionalism, official status, tax exemption, etc. They keep adversary things out of the journal, without ever admitting to censorship, they use euphemisms like “editing for length and civility.” (This was a Triple Nine term.) Perhaps a certain organizational structure could avoid the “mainstream” from getting into power.[42]

You founded high intelligence societies including GliaWebNews, Young and intelligent?, Order of Thoth, The Glia Society, Order of Imhotep, The Giga Society, and The Grail Society.[43],[44],[45],[46],[47],[48],[49],[50] Two seem like core societies: The Giga Society and The Glia Society.[51],[52],[53],[54]The Giga Society as on “honorary society for very high scorers on my tests.”[55],[56],[57],[58],[59],[60] The Glia Society for provision of “a forum for intelligent individuals and assisting in research after high intelligence.”[61],[62] Each devoted to individuated and interrelated personal interests with provision of journals, games, fora, tests, and general means of fulfillment for the high-range.[63],[64],[65],[66],[67] How did you create, develop, and sustain these societies up to the present?

I started in the mid-1990s by formulating the outline of a type of society for which I felt a need, and that did not exist at the time: Nerve-centred in Europe, strict admission requirements, allowing members to express themselves in their own way and at their own level without censorship or editing (so, a verbatim journal that does not make the author look smarter or stupider than one is) and without formal democratic organs and procedures (to prevent the riff-raff from taking over). Thus, I hoped, the society would remain faithful to the real anarchistic-from-within outsiders, and not regress to a mainstream type of club with members of barely above-average I.Q’s in official positions and spoiling it for the few truly intelligent ones, whom they see as a burden and would expel if they could.

This became the Glia Society. The first several years were offline, with only a paper journal, and went excellently. In 2001, the transition to an online presence was made with success. A few years thereafter, with a few hundred members meanwhile, occasional problems began to occur with people sending offending messages to the electronic mail forum, which, because of its ease of use, facilitates such behaviour by unconscientious persons, makes them rise to the surface. In a traditional journal, filled with copy by members, one would never hear of such trolls, because the effort involved in writing a proper essay or letter is too high a hurdle for them. It became needed to have “netiquette” rules on the forum, and of course there were one or two idiots who purposely began to break the rules to provoke their expulsion from the forum, to see how far they could go. After having been removed temporarily (not expelled from the society though) such specimens sometimes play victim and act as if they are the ones who have been wronged.

In the late 2000s, the admission policy was improved with regard to homogeneous (one-sided) tests, requiring two qualifying scores on two different types of such tests for admission, while only one qualifying score remained needed on a heterogeneous test. This works to satisfaction. A bit later, an “assessment” procedure was added to facilitate the admission of candidates without qualifying scores on accepted tests. This became useful as a result of the vast number of tests today available on the Internet; it is not doable to establish suitability for admission purposes for every single test separately.

To make an observation about I.Q. societies in general, striking is the individualism: much disagreement, low sense of loyalty to the group, no sense of a common goal, little willingness to conform to rules, tending to treat non-members the same as members, speaking negatively of the group to non-members, joining and leaving multiple societies on a whim, and more. Such behaviours are typical of I.Q. society members, and less likely to be seen in political parties, religious cults, ideological interest groups, hobby groups, business enterprises and so on. This individualism is the achilles heel of I.Q. societies, and the answer to the question, “if they are so smart, then why do they not solve the world problems?” There is no group synergy in a group of high-I.Q. individualists. Rather, the outer appearance of the group tends to be determined by the least able members; intelligence is recessive in the group as a result of the members’ individualism. What the world sees of high-I.Q. societies is mainly the loud-mouthed braggers and fraudulent claimants of the highest I.Q.

[1] See Cooijmans, P. (2008, March 19). The fascination with high-range intelligence testing.

[2] See Self-Growth.com (2015). Paul Cooijmans: High-range intelligence test Expert.

[3] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Beware of megalomaniacs.

[4] Ibid.

[5] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). I.Q. Tests For The High Range.

[6] Ibid.

[7] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Beware of megalomaniac’s.

[8] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Qualification.

[9] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Assessment.

[10] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Balanced g factor loading.

[11] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Congruence coefficient.

[12] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Correction for attenuation.

[13] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Correlation.

[14] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Correlation with national I.Q.s

[15] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Covariance.

[16] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). The g factor.

[17] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Frequently encountered fallacies regarding test-related statistics.

[18] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Hardness.

[19] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). I.Q..

[20] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Median.

[21] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Normalization.

[22] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Number of candidates.

[23] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Preliminary norms.

[24] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Proportion outscored.

[25] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Protonorms.

[26] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Quality.

[27] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Quality of norms.

[28] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Quartile deviation.

[29] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Range.

[30] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Raw score.

[31] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Reliability.

[32] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Resolution.

[33] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Section statistics.

[34] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Standard deviation.

[35] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Standard error of measurement.

[36] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Standard score.

[37] See Cooijmans, P. (2012, January). Test data structure.

[38] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Total proportion selected on two tests with known correlation.

[39] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). T-scores.

[40] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Variance.

[41] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Weighted median.

[42] See Cooijmans, P. (2002). An interview with Paul Cooijmans.

[43] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). GliaWebNews.

[44] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Glia Web Young and Intelligent.

[45] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Young and Intelligent?.

[46] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Thoth.

[47] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). The Glia Society.

[48] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Imhotep.

[49] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). The Giga Society.

[50] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). The Grail Society.

[51] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). The Giga Society.

[52] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). The Glia Society.

[53] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). The History Of I.Q. Test For The High-Range.

[54] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). The Glia Society: Animated Presentation.

[55] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Paul Cooijmans.

[56] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Latest Insights Regarding The Giga Society.

[57] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Contact Information Of The Giga Society.

[58] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Do You Qualify For The Giga Society?.

[59] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Letters of Appreciation To The Giga Society.

[60] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Frequently Asked Questions To The Giga Society.

[61] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Paul Cooijmans.

[62] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Constitution.

[63] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Mind Games: Glia Society Mind Games.

[64] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Glia Society Crossword.

[65] See Cooijmans, P. (2003). Glia Society Memory Game.

[66] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Glia Society Mastermind.

[67] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). I.Q. Tests For The High Range.

*Complete reference style listing without access dates.*

Association of Legal Writing Directors (ALWD, 2nd Edition, 2003): Paul Cooijmans & Scott Jacobsen, Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four), 2015(8) In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/.

American Anthropological Association (AAA, 2009): Cooijmans, Paul, and Scott D. Jacobsen 2015 Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four). http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/.

American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers (ASABE): Cooijmans, P., & Jacobsen, S. (2015). Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. Retrieved from http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/.

American Chemical Society: Cooijmans, P.; Jacobsen, S. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four). http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/.

American Economic Association (AEA): Best, B., S. Jacobsen 2015. “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/.

American Institute of Physics (AIP): Paul Cooijmans and Scott D. Jacobsen, “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four),” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, 22 July 2015, http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/

American Medical Association (AMA): Paul C. and Jacobsen S. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal [Online]. July 2015; 8(A). Available from: http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/.

American Meteorological Society (AMS): Cooijmans, P., and S. D. Jacobsen, 2015: Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, 8. [Available online at http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/.]

American Physiological Society (APS): Paul C, Jacobsen S. (2015). Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four) [Online]. In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/.

American Political Science Association (APSA, 2006): Cooijmans, Paul, and Jacobsen, Scott. 2015. “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal: 8 (A). http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/.

American Psychological Association (APA, 6th Edition, 2010): Cooijmans, P. & Jacobsen, S.D. (2015, July 22). Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four)Retrieved from http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/.

American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE, 2010): Cooijmans, P., and Jacobsen, S.D. (2015). “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, <http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/>.

American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME): Cooijmans, P. and Jacobsen, S., 2015, “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four),” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, from
http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/

American Sociological Association (ASA, 4th Edition): Cooijmans, Paul and Scott Jacobsen 2015. “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four).” In-Sight (8.A). Retrieved (http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/).

Basic Legal Citation (LII Edition, 2007): Paul Cooijmans & Scott Jacobsen, Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four), 2015(8) In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/.

Brazilian National Standards (ABNT): COOIJMANS, P. & JACOBSEN, S. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. 8.A, July. 2015. <http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/>.

Canadian Anthropology Society (CAS, 2014): Cooijmans, Paul, Scott Douglas Jacobsen 2015 Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/.

Chicago/Turabian, Author-Date (16th Edition): Cooijmans, Paul & Jacobsen, Scott. 2015. “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. 8.A. http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/.

Chicago/Turabian, Humanities (16th Edition): Cooijmans, Paul & Jacobsen, Scott “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. 8.A (July 2015). http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/.

Council of Science Editors (CSE): Cooijmans P, Jacobsen S. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four). In-Sight [Internet]. 2015; Available from: http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/.

Entomological Society of America: Cooijmans, P., and S. Jacobsen 2015. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four). http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/

Harvard: Cooijmans, P. & Jacobsen, S. 2015, ‘Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four)’, In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, vol. 8.A. Available from: <http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/>.

Harvard, Australian: Cooijmans, P. and Jacobsen, S. 2015, Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four)’, In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, vol. 8.A., http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/.

Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE): P. Cooijmans and S. Jacobsen, “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four),” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, vol. 8.A, July 2015. [Online]. Available: http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/.

Modern Language Association (MLA, 7th Edition, 2009): Cooijmans, Paul, and Scott D. Jacobsen. “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal 8.A (2015): July. 2015. Web. <http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/>.

National Library of Medicine (2nd Edition, 2007): Cooijmans P, Jacobsen SD. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal [Internet]. 2015 July 22; 8(A). Available from: http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/

The Geological Society of America (GSA): Cooijmans, P., and Scott Jacobsen 2015, Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four): http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/.

Vancouver/ICMJE: Cooijmans P. and Jacobsen S. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Four) [Internet]. (2015, July); 8(A). Available from: http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/22/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-four/.

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In-Sight by Scott Douglas Jacobsen is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.

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© Scott Douglas Jacobsen, In-Sight, and In-Sight Publishing 2012-2015. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Scott Douglas Jacobsen and In-Sight with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.  All interviewees co-copyright their interview material and may disseminate for their independent purposes.

Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three)

Mr. Paul Cooijmans

*Complete footnotes and reference style listing, respectively, at the bottom*

ABSTRACT

Interview with Paul Cooijmans. Independent psychometitor and administrator of The Glia Society and The Giga Society. He discusses: public recognition of excellence through awards and their personal meaning; personal work, development of intelligence tests separated by verbal, numerical, spatial, and logical factors, and the creation, development, refinement, administration, statistical norming, and publication of a legitimate testnature of creativity, genius, and human functioning, and associative horizon, conscientiousness, and intelligence; and the existence of alien and extraterrestrial life, absolute as opposed to relative scales of intelligence, average intelligence of previous human civilizations, variegated intelligence of the contents of the universe; and the evolution of intelligence in the possible future.

Keywords: administrator, awards, creativity, genius, human civilizations, intelligence, logical, numerical, Paul Cooijmans, psychometitor, spatial, The Giga Society, The Glia Society, universe, verbal.

*Incomplete, common reference style listing without access dates.*

American Medical Association (AMA): Paul C. and Jacobsen S. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal [Online]. July 2015; 8(A). Available from: http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/.

American Psychological Association (APA, 6th Edition, 2010): Cooijmans, P. & Jacobsen, S.D. (2015, July 15). Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three)Retrieved from http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/.

Brazilian National Standards (ABNT): COOIJMANS, P. & JACOBSEN, S. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. 8.A, July. 2015. <http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/>.

Chicago/Turabian, Author-Date (16th Edition): Cooijmans, Paul & Jacobsen, Scott. 2015. “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. 8.A. http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/.

Chicago/Turabian, Humanities (16th Edition): Cooijmans, Paul & Jacobsen, Scott “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. 8.A (July 2015). http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/.

Harvard: Cooijmans, P. & Jacobsen, S. 2015, ‘Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three)’, In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, vol. 8.A. Available from: <http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/.

Harvard, Australian: Cooijmans, P. and Jacobsen, S. 2015, ‘Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three)’, In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, vol. 8.A., http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/.

Modern Language Association (MLA, 7th Edition, 2009): Cooijmans, Paul, and Scott D. Jacobsen. “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal 8.A (2015): July. 2015. Web. <http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/>.

Vancouver/ICMJE: Cooijmans P. and Jacobsen S. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three) [Internet]. (2015, July); 8(A). Available from: http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/.

7. You earned a number of awards.[1],[2] These include Winnaar Rabohank Scholenkwis 1976 Peelland (voor Mariaschool, Lieschout) in April of 1976, second prize in the composition content of Brabants Conservatorium in October of 1990, and the Raadselige Roos 1994 for Prose (literature prize) in December of 1994.[3] What does each public recognition of excellence mean to you?[4]

Concerning the composition and literature prizes, they tell me that recognition, success, awards and the like are bad indicators of quality. Those works are not the best I have written, and if they had been, I would not have won the prizes. My experience is that when I make something according to my own insights and to the best of my ability, it tends not necessarily to be hugely successful, but is at best appreciated by a rather small audience. Adaptation to a more mainstream taste or to some in-group paradigm does not suit me, and neither do “networking” or any kind of “marketing” trick. I can only use my own intuition to guide me, having been born such that trying to go against it makes me vomit in unpleasant convulsions.

The 1976 school quiz is a different matter. Each school could send four participants, obviously the best they had. We won easily, and someone said afterwards I had had all the questions right. I had announced our victory beforehand in the bus driving to the quiz, and that I would eat my coat in case we did not win. In the week before the quiz, we had been preparing by reading books and following the news, and attending special classes for the four of us, led by our teacher (the nun). This was the only form of “enrichment” I have ever seen in my school years.

The prize, 500 guilders, was used to redecorate the manual training room at school. Since I hated that subject, I was not pleased.

8. You have summarized personal work in the following terms:

Designing high-range intelligence tests and studying high intelligence, personality, creativity and genius; Providing communication fora for intelligent individuals; Writing articles and literary prose in English and Netherlandic; Composing music (mainly in the past); Guitar playing and (in the past) teaching; Computer programming and making web sites. Focus is on the intelligence-related matters. A major goal is to explain creativity in terms of personality features

Specialties: Statistical processing of data from high-range intelligence tests, and designing such tests.[5]

You developed a number of intelligence tests of varied difficulty separated by verbal, numerical, spatial, and logical factors – even one with a possible prize entitled Prize of the Beheaded Man.[6],[7],[8] Other awards too.[9],[10] How does one create, develop, refine, administer, statistically norm, and publish a legitimate test?

Those are many questions, but I will try to briefly sketch the procedure. One needs to gather problems to include in the test, either newly created ones or problems from earlier tests or proof tests. The problems should require the candidate to utilize mental abilities, and span a range of difficulty levels. Test administration nowadays goes chiefly via the Internet and electronic mail, and is unsupervised. In the 1990s it was still done by regular mail and publication or advertising in I.Q. society journals or other magazines or newspapers. I have also created a few supervised tests, but extremely few have tried them, possibly because of the need to travel here.

Norming a high-range test is mostly achieved by anchoring it to one or (mostly) more other tests, with methods like rank equation or z-score equation. Norming, in statistical terms, means to predict one variable (for instance I.Q.) from another (raw score or scaled score on the test). The word “predict” is used here in the statistical sense, not as in fortune telling.

The tests are now published as electronic documents and delivered via the Internet or e-mail. When I started publishing tests though, I used to type them on a typewriter and make photocopies, which I sent by mail to people who responded to calls I placed in magazines and papers. My very first, unpublished, tests were written with fountain pen on paper. I have almost always been my own publisher when it comes to tests.

Tests can be refined by studying incoming answers and comments, and by statistical item analysis. One can thus identify bad items and remove or revise them.

Regarding the working mechanism of I.Q. tests, it can be said that intelligence is an all-pervasive unhideable trait that involuntarily expresses itself in virtually everything a person does or says. As a result, it is surprisingly difficult to design a test that does not measure intelligence, hence the relative success of the many dilettante high-range test constructors active today. Indeed, it is easier to create a functioning high-range I.Q. test than it is to create a test that purposely lacks any validity in the high range; the latter may take some quite intricate statistical labour.

The Prize of the Beheaded Man, and other awards and honorary societies, serve to encourage people in taking the tests, thus bringing in more data for norming and other statistical purposes.

Finally, one needs to deal with various forms of fraud, like illegal unauthorized criminal discussing, spreading, and publishing of test items and answers by evil candidates seeking an unfair advantage. For security reasons I can not reveal the strategies used to counteract this, but we are working on a tight network of excutators to track down such offenders and kindly and humanely keep them from repeating. My novel “Field of eternal integrity” provides extensive details as to the treatment of offenders in high-range mental testing.

9. Your personal research into the nature of creativity, and genius separates facets of human functioning. You wrote on the nature of genius based on “wide associative horizon and large amounts of conscientiousness and intelligence.”[11],[12],[13],[14],[15],[16],[17],[18],[19],[20] You wrote on creativity too, which you have summarized in the following manner:

My current view on creativity (and therefore genius) could be summarized as:

Conscientiousness contributes to creativity but disposes for neurosis;

Associative horizon contributes to creativity but disposes for psychosis;

Intelligence contributes to creativity but disposes for normality.[21]

In addition, in an interview, you stated:

There are three groups of personality traits or aspects that are important to be creative: Ability, Conscientiousness, and Associative horizon. The combination or synergy thereof is what enables the individual to bring into being what was not there before. All three are needed; Each one is of limited value without the other two. And they do not always go together. In fact it is rare to find them combined in large amounts into one individual, and when that happens, you have a genius.[22]

Furthermore, in the same interview, you wrote:

In terms of personality, genius is the high end of creativity, and creativity in turn is a synergy of conscientiousness, ability, and associative horizon. There exists also another type of definition of genius, which says a genius is someone who makes a lasting contribution in any field, but that is of course an “after the fact” definition. Two of the three elements in my definition are related to psychiatric disorders; conscientiousness to neurosis, associative horizon to psychosis. The trick is to have exactly the right amounts of those, so that you stay just below the threshold where you would have a debilitating neurotic or psychotic illness.

Intelligence, when that term is used in relation to human personality, is the cognitive aspect of personality, the aspect that comprises mental ability. The word “intelligence” is unfortunately often used in a number of other meanings too, so that is it not usable in scientific contexts; the best term for it is probably “g”, the general factor in mental ability. In the above definition of genius, intelligence would belong to the ability element.[23]

What sets of sub-traits exist within each of the core traits of associative horizon, conscientiousness, and ability?

I have written a number of articles about that, but in short I see associative horizon as consisting of three groups of traits: (1) Divergent abilities like fluency in association and mental flexibility. (2) Resistance to narrowing mammalian phenomena, like resistance to conformism, to suggestion, to conditioning, to automating tasks, to non-verbal communication, to socialization, to empathy, and to emotion. (3) Vulnerabilities, such as high sensitivity, disposition for the placebo effect, and disposition for psychosis (but not actual psychosis).

Conscientiousness too has three divisions: (1) Ability-fostering traits, such as accuracy, carefulness, coherence, consistency, dependability, diligence, perfectionism, persistence, punctuality, respect for detail, self-discipline, and tolerance of repetitive work. (2) Ego-strength, such as being determined, driven by inner motivation, holding on to insights despite opposition, impulse-controlling, insensitive to habituation, strong-willed, and uncompromising. (3) Ethics-related traits, such as being fair, loyal, respectful, responsible, sincere, trustworthy, and truthful regardless of consequences.

Ability cascades from the most general level – general intelligence – to the most specific abilities. The more specific an ability is, the greater the degree to which it can be learnt or improved. The more general, the greater the degree to which the ability is inborn.

10. In one previous interview, you answered a query on the existence of alien and extra-terrestrial life, as follows:

Yes, I believe extraterrestrial aliens exist. Whether they have visited Earth is a different matter. I think that would be known worldwide instantly, and not possible to cover up. I also think the vast majority of civilizations in the universe are at a lower level than current human civilization (but those smart enough to travel here would be at a higher level, naturally). I have estimated the average I.Q. of civilizations in the universe at about 80. When rising far above that, forces of a decadent-degenerative nature become active that pull society back toward that more primitive level. This can be observed throughout the history of Earth humans – all civilizations have fallen so far – and it seems reasonable to assume it will be no different on other planets. The development of civilization is not a straight upward line, but is discontinuous in time and space. While theoretically some civilization somewhere in the universe could reach the point where interstellar travel becomes feasible, we have not seen that yet, and it is not a priori certain that such is possible at all. In any case it is very naive to think that the current rate of technological improvement in our civilization will always continue.[24]

You have measured intelligence in absolute, as opposed to relative, terms. From this line of reasoning, and researching, you developed an absolute scale for intelligence in addition to linkages with expectations of civilizations’ development at each I.Q. score. You discussed the average intelligence level of previous human civilizations, or even the variegated intelligence of the contents of the universe.[25],[26],[27] What might be the mean intelligence level of the human species (or of novel species developed through speciation from Homo sapiens) decades, centuries, millennia, hundreds of thousands, or millions of years from the present time, especially in the light of rapid scientific and technological advances in the 20th century alone?

On the short term, say decades to centuries, there are mixed prospects. On the one hand, genetic intelligence is going down in Western countries through dysgenic effects, and therewith the basis for scientific and technological advance is disappearing. During the twentieth century, this decline has been masked by the “Flynn effect”, but that rise of test scores (probably environmental and partly hollow with respect to general intelligence) seems to have maxed out and levelled off meanwhile, so that the true development is becoming more visible and felt. When average I.Q. sinks too much, progress will stop, and society may even regress to a pre-technological state. All civilizations have ended so far, and it would be a naive and fatal mistake to exclude the West from that rule.

On the other hand, the latest few sunspot cycles indicate that a long-term solar minimum is likely imminent, and such a minimum, according to research by the German psychologist S. E. Ertel, appears to cause an increase of the productivity of eminent scientists and artists, which might counteract a possible decline. Under such a minimum, one may also expect less war, uproar, revolutions, mass migrations, and other such negativity.

And, there is little doubt that a long-term minimum cools the global climate, may even cause a little ice age. Colder conditions stimulate the evolution of genetic intelligence, so help to invert the dysgenic trend, while also discouraging migration from warm (low-I.Q.) regions to moderate and cold (high-I.Q.) regions. As a word of caution, from my privileged position of knowledge I feel responsible to warn that a colder climate will also result in many deaths through decreased food production, and this will hit humanity particularly hard after having been misled by decades of political drum-beating on a coming “warming” by greenhouse gasses emitted by humans.

If the dysgenic trend wins out, average I.Q. may in a bad scenario drop to around 80 in the next several centuries. We are still Homo sapiens then, but technological civilization will have to start over from scratch. If eugenic times return, I believe that biological humans can theoretically reach averages around 130 in that time frame, and eventually form a new species. Cyborgs or completely artificial beings could go higher. But a problem is that the high civilization that results from high average I.Q. levels tends to introduce dysgenic factors that pull the mean down again, so that it is exceedingly hard to reach the stage where biological humans obtain averages of 130 to 140, and where cyborgs, robots, or computers reach, say, I.Q. 200 or more.

In the long run, I fear that humans or their descendants will keep regressing toward 80, with brief periods of blossoming, and if you wait indefinitely – like hundreds of millions of years – there may once be a group, species, or genus with I.Q.’s in the 200-250 range. Those would likely be capable of interstellar and/or time travel. But the fact that we have not been contacted by extraterrestrials or extracontemporaries – and what is more, that my predicted flying saucer abduction has not materialized yet! – tells us it is extremely rare and difficult to reach and sustain such heights.

Far more important than scientific feats and astronomical I.Q. numbers is the inverse and causal relation between I.Q. and evils like violence and crime. Were average human I.Q. to rise to a mere 115, I dare say we would be rid of most of that, and peace and happiness all around. For information, the present world average I.Q., depending on whether or not one weights the national average I.Q.’s by population sizes, is about 90 (weighted) to 84.5 (unweighted). This is based on national I.Q.’s published by Lynn and Vanhanen. It explains why our world is not yet the place of peace we are yearning for.

[1] See Letter Kundig Museum (n.d.). Literaire prijzen.

[2] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Detailed personal information.

[3] Ibid.

[4] Ibid.

[5] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Paul Cooijmans.

[6] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). List of Tests.

[7] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Prize Of The Beheaded Man.

[8] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Awards To High-Range I.Q. Test Candidates.

[9] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Imhotep.

[10] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Thoth.

[11] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Straight talk about asperger syndrome.

[12] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). I.Q. Tests For The High Range – Goals.

[13] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Genius and Creativity.

[14] See Cooijmans, P. (2010). Conscientiousness.

[15] See Cooijmans, P. (2010). Associative Horizon.

[16] See Cooijmans, P. (2010, July). Synergy.

[17] See Cooijmans, P. (2010, August). Subgroups of traits clarified by their low ends.

[18] See Cooijmans, P. (2015, April). Solar activity and behaviour — A causal hypothesis.

[19] See Cooijmans, P. (2006). Rareness and discontinuity of genius.

[20] See Cooijmans (2009). Inferiority – the opposite of genius.

[21] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Genius.

[22] See Cooijmans, P. (2009, February 25). Creativity and Personality.

[23] See Volney, K. (2013, September 2). Interview with Paul Cooijmans: Administrator of the Giga Society.

[24] See Ibid.

[25] See Cooijmans, P. (2010). Human evolution.

[26] See Cooijmans, P. (2010, September). Human degeneration.

[27] See Cooijmans, P. (2010, August). Extended intelligence scale.

*Complete reference style listing without access dates.*

Association of Legal Writing Directors (ALWD, 2nd Edition, 2003): Paul Cooijmans & Scott Jacobsen, Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three), 2015(8) In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/.

American Anthropological Association (AAA, 2009): Cooijmans, Paul, and Scott D. Jacobsen 2015 Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three). http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/.

American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers (ASABE): Cooijmans, P., & Jacobsen, S. (2015). Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. Retrieved from http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/.

American Chemical Society: Cooijmans, P.; Jacobsen, S. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three). http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/.

American Economic Association (AEA): Best, B., S. Jacobsen 2015. “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/.

American Institute of Physics (AIP): Paul Cooijmans and Scott D. Jacobsen, “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three),” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, 15 July 2015, http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/

American Medical Association (AMA): Paul C. and Jacobsen S. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal [Online]. July 2015; 8(A). Available from: http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/.

American Meteorological Society (AMS): Cooijmans, P., and S. D. Jacobsen, 2015: Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, 8. [Available online at http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/.]

American Physiological Society (APS): Paul C, Jacobsen S. (2015). Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three) [Online]. In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/.

American Political Science Association (APSA, 2006): Cooijmans, Paul, and Jacobsen, Scott. 2015. “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal: 8 (A). http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/.

American Psychological Association (APA, 6th Edition, 2010): Cooijmans, P. & Jacobsen, S.D. (2015, July 15). Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three)Retrieved from http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/.

American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE, 2010): Cooijmans, P., and Jacobsen, S.D. (2015). “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, <http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/>.

American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME): Cooijmans, P. and Jacobsen, S., 2015, “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three),” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, from
http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/

American Sociological Association (ASA, 4th Edition): Cooijmans, Paul and Scott Jacobsen 2015. “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three).” In-Sight (8.A). Retrieved (http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/).

Basic Legal Citation (LII Edition, 2007): Paul Cooijmans & Scott Jacobsen, Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three), 2015(8) In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/.

Brazilian National Standards (ABNT): COOIJMANS, P. & JACOBSEN, S. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. 8.A, July. 2015. <http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/>.

Canadian Anthropology Society (CAS, 2014): Cooijmans, Paul, Scott Douglas Jacobsen 2015 Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/.

Chicago/Turabian, Author-Date (16th Edition): Cooijmans, Paul & Jacobsen, Scott. 2015. “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. 8.A. http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/.

Chicago/Turabian, Humanities (16th Edition): Cooijmans, Paul & Jacobsen, Scott “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. 8.A (July 2015). http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/

Council of Science Editors (CSE): Cooijmans P, Jacobsen S. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three). In-Sight [Internet]. 2015; Available from: http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/.

Entomological Society of America: Cooijmans, P., and S. Jacobsen 2015. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three). http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/

Harvard: Cooijmans, P. & Jacobsen, S. 2015, ‘Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three)’, In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, vol. 8.A. Available from: <http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/>.

Harvard, Australian: Cooijmans, P. and Jacobsen, S. 2015, ‘Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three)’, In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, vol. 8.A., http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/.

Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE): P. Cooijmans and S. Jacobsen, “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three),” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, vol. 8.A, July 2015. [Online]. Available: http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/.

Modern Language Association (MLA, 7th Edition, 2009): Cooijmans, Paul, and Scott D. Jacobsen. “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal 8.A (2015): July. 2015. Web. <http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/>.

National Library of Medicine (2nd Edition, 2007): Cooijmans P, Jacobsen SD. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal [Internet]. 2015 July 15; 8(A). Available from: http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/

The Geological Society of America (GSA): Cooijmans, P., and Scott Jacobsen 2015, Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three): http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/.

Vancouver/ICMJE: Cooijmans P. and Jacobsen S. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Three) [Internet]. (2015, July); 8(A). Available from: http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/15/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-three/.

License

In-Sight by Scott Douglas Jacobsen is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.

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© Scott Douglas Jacobsen, In-Sight, and In-Sight Publishing 2012-2015. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Scott Douglas Jacobsen and In-Sight with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.  All interviewees co-copyright their interview material and may disseminate for their independent purposes.

Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two)

Mr. Paul Cooijmans

*Complete footnotes and reference style listing, respectively, at the bottom*

ABSTRACT

Interview with Paul Cooijmans. Independent psychometitor and administrator of The Glia Society and The Giga Society. He discusses: 1986 to 1993 attendance at Brabants Conservatorium, acquisition of academic qualifications through studies in conservatory, composition and guitar, and additional qualifications in the middle of life including programming (2002), web design (2003-2004), CompTIA Network+ (2004, not certified), Cisco C.C.N.A. (2004), and Basic Bookkeeping (2006), and the interest for formal certification in the middle of life; written musical compositions with personal photography or movies, and other productions, published through YouTube, extensive productions on the main website, and inspiration for musical composition, photography and filming; and personal interests in Asperger’s disorder, composition, counterpoint, creativity, eugenics, genius, guitar, human quality, intelligence, justice, running, Tourette syndrome, and truth, with emphasis on the interests in Asperger’s disorder, eugenics, genius, and intelligence, and the development of these prominent, relatively varied, but focused, interests.

Keywords: administrator, Asperger’s disorder, Brabants Conservatorium, composition, conservatory, counterpoint, creativity, eugenics, genius, guitar, human quality, intelligence, justice, Paul Cooijmans, psychometitor, running, The Giga Society, The Glia Society, Tourette syndrome, truth, undergraduate studies, YouTube.

*Incomplete, common reference style listing without access dates.*

American Medical Association (AMA): Paul C. and Jacobsen S. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal [Online]. July 2015; 8(A). Available from: http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/.

American Psychological Association (APA, 6th Edition, 2010): Cooijmans, P. & Jacobsen, S.D. (2015, July 8). Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two)Retrieved from http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/.

Brazilian National Standards (ABNT): COOIJMANS, P. & JACOBSEN, S. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. 8.A, July. 2015. <http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/>.

Chicago/Turabian, Author-Date (16th Edition): Cooijmans, Paul & Jacobsen, Scott. 2015. “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. 8.A. http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/.

Chicago/Turabian, Humanities (16th Edition): Cooijmans, Paul & Jacobsen, Scott “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. 8.A (July 2015). http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/.

Harvard: Cooijmans, P. & Jacobsen, S. 2015, ‘Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two)’, In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, vol. 8.A. Available from: <http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/>.

Harvard, Australian: Cooijmans, P. and Jacobsen, S. 2015, Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two)’, In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, vol. 8.A., http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/.

Modern Language Association (MLA, 7th Edition, 2009): Cooijmans, Paul, and Scott D. Jacobsen. “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal 8.A (2015): July. 2015. Web. <http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/>.

Vancouver/ICMJE: Cooijmans P. and Jacobsen S. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two) [Internet]. (2015, July); 8(A). Available from: http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/.

4. From 1986 to 1993, you attended Brabants Conservatorium.[1] You earned one bachelor degree while studying “conservatory, composition and guitar.”[2],[3] You have upgraded personal education with programming (2002), web design (2003-2004), CompTIA Network+ (2004, not certified), Cisco C.C.N.A. (2004), and Basic Bookkeeping (2006).[3] What produced the interest in these areas of study for formal certification in the middle of life?[5],[6]

By my own counting, I have two bachelor degrees, to wit one for guitar and one for composition, but I am uncertain if the conservatory counts that way too. The Netherlandic title is “baccalaureus” (abbreviated bc.) and the papers that go with it say I can call myself “Bachelor” (B.) in English. This was the highest degree possible at a conservatory at the time. The programming, web design, and network courses (CompTIA and Cisco) were taken because I was trying to find work in informatics. The bookkeeping course was to be able to do the bookkeeping for my own business, which I formally started in 2005.

5. You write musical compositions with personal photography or movies, and publish other productions, through YouTube.[7],[8],[9],[10],[11],[12],[13],[14],[15],[16],[17],[18],[19],[20],[21],[22],[23],[24],[25],[26],[27],[28],[29],[30],[31],[32],[33],[34],[35],[36] You provide extensive productions on the main website too.[37],[38],[39],[40],[41],[42],[43],[44],[45],[46],[47],[48],[49],[50],[51],[52],[53],[54],[55],[56] What provides inspiration for musical composition, photography, and filming for you?

The musical compositions are written to make others experience how I undergo life, or how my thinking goes, how it feels to be inside my head. I should emphasize that not all of my available compositions achieve this; it is hard to get musicians to play one’s music, so that of a huge part of my high-quality work there exist no recordings. The recordings that are available are mostly of pieces that I can play myself or could realize through MIDI, or of pieces that I wrote because my composition teacher now and then wanted me to write something more simple than my usual work, so that amateurs would be able to play it, and in those pieces I did not always succeed in getting my own sound idiom.

The inspiration for photography was the 1970s Netherlandic television series “Q en Q”, in which a boy by accident photographs a murder victim, not dissimilar to what happens in my favourite film “Blow up”. Photography has only been a hobby, I never reached any level of significance in it, and my talents do not seem to lie in visual-spatial fields. Actual filming I have never done, and I have never owned a film camera. The film “Liquidatie” was shot by a class mate, with me as the director, and almost all of my YouTube videos are collages of still photos. I made those videos primarily to make the music in it available through YouTube and thus reduce the amount of heavy M.P.3 sound files on my own web site. I could just put one photo over an entire composition and leave it at that, but that is too easy for me, I tend to want to make something special out of it, and even include labour-intensive stop-motion animation here and there.

The reason that many photos are of small objects is that my digital camera is from 2001 and only has two megapixels, which is not enough for landscapes or other big things. Macrophotography is what it does best. It still works on the original rechargeable battery.

6. According to LinkedIn – personal profile, your interests lie in Asperger’s disorder, composition, counterpoint, creativity, eugenics, genius, guitar, human quality, intelligence, justice, running, Tourette syndrome, and truth.[57] How did these prominent, relatively varied, but focused, interests emerge throughout the years, including ones of some controversy in the modern world, e.g. Asperger’s disorder, eugenics, genius, and intelligence?[58],[59],[60]

First, I would like to add that my original childhood interests lie in fields like astronomy and physics, as said in an earlier answer. While I have not formally studied those subjects, I have attended a number of lectures on astronomical topics over the years, and am looking at the relation between solar activity and human behaviour, which involves both astronomy and psychology.

The other interests emerged at various points in my life: Truth and justice (in the sense of righteousness) are innate dedications; I was born with absolute sense of justice and the inability to lie. This has everything to do with high intelligence, as logic, which is a faculty of intelligence, is the basis of righteousness. Life is an everlasting confrontation with lies, liars, and injustice, so these interests are inevitably stimulated daily whether one likes it or not. It took me decades to figure out that much of the lying, truth-denial, and injustice stems from ideological motivations, and that many believe in lies as a result of purposeful political indoctrination.

Guitar, composition, and counterpoint are music-related interests that began in puberty as already explained. Once having started playing guitar, composing was natural to me, and was the main motivation to learn to play. I was an autodidact until going to conservatory. Counterpoint, the technique of writing melody and polyphony (= multiple rhythmically independent melodies sounding at the same time) is the summit of the development of music. It started in the Middle Ages when Gregorian chant was embellished with extra voices, resulting in organum, cantus firmus technique, Ars antiqua, Ars nova, and then Renaissance polyphony, the highest and purest form of music. Although still practised and further developed in the baroque era, the harmonic aspect was becoming too important then, and after Bach it has really only gone downhill. This deterioration from roughly the Renaissance to the present day can be observed in other art forms too, especially and conspicuously in visual art and architecture. I link this to a decrease of visual-spatial ability in Western peoples. Musical ability is somehow related to that, in the brain.

In music, melody (= notes sounding after each other) corresponds to thinking, while harmony (= tones sounding at the same time) corresponds to emotion (do notice that I avoid the word “feeling” here, as that would create a confusion with the tactile sense and other forms of physical sensation). The decadence of polyphony into music with more emphasis on harmony, eventually resulting in homophony (= one melody accompanied by harmonies) corresponds to a decline of raw intelligence and overvaluation of emotion. Nowadays, virtually all the music one hears is strictly homophonic, and can be appreciated and created by persons of quite limited ability, as one may observe daily in the popular media.

Interest in the Asperger and Tourette syndromes arose because I appeared to have those conditions. Regarding Tourette, this became clear to me in my teenage years when I saw someone with Tourette in a television program, and at once recognized I had that too. I had been having tics since about age six. I have never received the diagnosis though, because I mainly have the tics when alone. They stay mostly away in the company of others, so a psychiatrist can not see them, and a diagnosis requires the tics having been observed by a professional. This lacuna in the diagnostic practice is a point of concern, as is the underestimation of the physical damage caused by tics. While the psychosocial problems of Tourette receive attention, it is less known that tics persisting for decades may damage or wear out the pertinent parts of the body, in my case the teeth, jaw joints, and neck. And any damage or wear of the neck may ultimately have neurological consequences, including paralysis and death.

Of Asperger’s disorder I only became aware in the late 1990s, and, as with Tourette, immediately understood that it could explain many of my experiences and traits, which I had hitherto put down to either psychological trauma or to a lack of intellectual peers. Unlike with Tourette, doctors had no problem recognizing these symptoms in me. Interesting about Asperger is its possible relation to creativity; a thing that worries me is its confusion with autism. In fact, in the current diagnostic manual, the Asperger label is even absent, due to a consensus among psychiatrists that Asperger and autism are identical conditions, which I believe is a mistaken view.

Running is an interest that began when I was 21, in bad shape, and too heavy. Since graduating from secondary school I had not had much exercise any more, as my prior physical activities had consisted of gymnastics class and bicycle rides to and from school. While I had always been bad at gymnastics, running was the only thing I was good at, and around age 16, I ran 100 metres in 13.5 seconds at school. There was a boy who belonged to an athletics club and was faster than I; at some point he claimed to be a psychic medium and predicted I would once be abducted by a U.F.O. He advised me to stay in good shape to be able to endure what would happen then. Well, having become 21, I finally took that to heart. I remember the first time I went out to run as an adult in 1986; I ran about 1500 metres slowly, stopped, turned around, and ran the same distance back. Laurel and Hardy were on television when I got home, I think it was “A chump at Oxford”. Running improved my health and shape a lot, and is certainly the best single thing one can do for self-improvement.

Late 1988 I got the idea to compete in a local 5 km race to be held in April 1989. I became 11th in 18:44, which was surprisingly good, and ever since I have been trying to do well in races when I get the chance. It would take until 2007 to improve my 5 km time to 18:39 though, as I tend to get problems with the kinetic apparatus that hold me back. In 2014, I learnt of a training method that seemed to agree with me and began to apply it. My latest race was in April 2015, 3.8 km in 14:15 (first place). My running now consists almost exclusively of interval training of moderate intensity, and I have also switched to forefoot landing and am transitioning to minimalist shoes.

Intelligence, creativity, genius, human quality, and eugenics are fields of interest that came forth from the test-related activities and studies of psychometrics since 1994. Human evolution is another such interest.

[1] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Paul Cooijmans.

[2] Ibid.

[3] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Detailed personal information.

[4] Ibid.

[5] Ibid.

[6] For those with complete interest in personal information, the article entitled Detailed personal information provides additional resources on Mr. Cooijmans. In addition, and as stated in the core of the interview, there exist thorough representations of personal views within the website.  This interview cannot provide the whole suite of interests and information within the question and response format.  However, and in light of that consideration, this interview, through a separate venue, might perform a complementary role to the general research and background information in his own resources, e.g. websites, articles, music, photography, and others.

[7] A select set of footnotes relevant to the compositions by Mr. Cooijmans following this one.

[8] See [Paul Cooijmans] (2011, November 23). Fugue#2.

[9] See [Paul Cooijmans] (2012, January 2). Fugue #1.

[10] See [Paul Cooijmans] (2011, November 5).  Fugue #3.

[11] See [Paul Cooijmans] (2011, December 14]. Jan met de pet.

[12] See [Paul Cooijmans] (2014, June 9). Sanctus (motet).

[13] See [Paul Cooijmans] (2013, November 29). Fourth miserable Paul Paulmans blues.

[14] See [Paul Cooijmans] (2014, February 14). Chromatic Phantasy.

[15] See [Paul Cooijmans] (2013, November 8). Third miserable Paul Paulmans blues.

[16] See [Paul Cooijmans] (2013, March 7). Second miserable Paul Paulmans blues.

[17] See [Paul Cooijmans] (2012, March 22). First miserable Paul Paulmans blues.

[18] See [Paul Cooijmans] (2012, January 20). Canon, 2-part, d Dorian (1987).

[19] See [Paul Cooijmans] (2011, December 22). If music and sweet poetry agree.

[20] See [Paul Cooijmans] (2011, December 12). Ut !.

[21] See [Paul Cooijmans] (2011, November 12). Anti-hero.

[22] See [Paul Cooijmans] (2011, October 26). Composition, dedicated to Pietje.

[23] See [Paul Cooijmans] (2009, April 21). Composition, dedicated to the singing of a very strange little bird.

[24] See [Paul Cooijmans] (2009, April 21]. Fugue, dedicated to apathy.

[25] See [Paul Cooijmans] (2008, December 25). Absurd composition in plusminus B flat.

[26] See [Paul Cooijmans] (2009, January 5). Liquidatie (fragment).

[27] See [Paul Cooijmans] (2008, December 18). New Amsterdam Times – Computer beats Vagant.

[28] See [Paul Cooijmans] (2014, December 14). I wonder….

[29] See [Paul Cooijmans] (2012, December 29). Field of eternal integrity – introduction.

[30] See [Paul Cooijmans] (2011, April 11). Walking with herniated disk L5-S1.

[31] See [Paul Cooijmans] (2011, November 29). For who loves truth, the garrote called “life” is daily tightened a turn.

[32] See [Paul Cooijmans] (2010, May 16). Murine Dinner.

[33] See [Paul Cooijmans] (2008, December 29). En plezier doen.

[34] See [Paul Cooijmans] (2008, December 17). Flying rhomb #0, Autumn 2001.

[35] See [Paul Cooijmans] (2008, December 13). Flying rhomb #2, December 2008.

[36] See [Paul Cooijmans] (2008, December 13). Flying rhomb #1.

[37] See Cooijmans, P. (2015). Compositions by Paul Cooijmans.

[38] See Cooijmans, (n.d.). op. -3, 1982-1983: Introduction (played before “Words”).

[39] See Cooijmans, (2001). Early Guitar Compositions.

[40] See Cooijmans, (1987). op. 10, 1987-1989: Christ lag in Todesbanden (Motet in Renaissance style, 2-part, in e Frygian, 1987).

[41] See Cooijmans, (1987). op. 10, 1987-1989: Allein Gott (Motet in Renaissance style, 2-part, in a Aeolian, 1987).

[42] See Cooijmans, (1987). op. 10, 1987-1989: O bone Jesu (Motet in Renaissance style, 2-part, in g Dorian, 1987.

[43] See Cooijmans, (1987). op. 10, 1987-1989: Agnus Dei (Motet in Renaissance style, 2-part, in d Dorian, 1987).

[44] See Cooijmans, (1987). op. 10, 1987-1989: Asperges me (Motet in Renaissance style, 3-part, in g Dorian, 1987).

[45] See Cooijmans, (1987). op. 10, 1987-1989: Kyrie (Motet in Renaissance style, 3-part, in G Myxolidian, 1987).

[46] See Cooijmans, (1987). op. 10, 1987-1989: Ricercar #1 in Renaissance style (3-part, in e Frygian, 1987).

[47] See Cooijmans, (1987). op. 10, 1987-1989: Ricercar #2 in Renaissance style (3-part, in d Dorian, 1987).

[48] See Cooijmans, (1987). op. 10, 1987-1989: Ricercar #3 in Renaissance style (3-part, in g, 1987).

[49] See Cooijmans, (1990). op 12b, 1990: Tja.

[50] See Cooijmans, (1989). op. 13, 1989: First to third composition for piano.

[51] See Cooijmans, (1991). op. 21, 1991: “Easy introduction” to the art of advanced music-making
4-part setting, instruments undefined + 3 voices, percussion, piano 3:45 Recording of middle part.

[52] See Cooijmans, (1991). op. 21A, 1991: “That’s a long story and the sting is in the tail…”
choir.

[53] See Cooijmans, (n.d.). op. 21b.: Ick ging op eenen morgen.

[54] See Cooijmans, (1993). op. 34A, 1993: 2-part setting of “Mijn hertze en can verbliden niet”.

[55] See Cooijmans, (1995). op.i (unnumbered), 1995 Educational pieces: Blues (guitar).

[56] See Cooijmans, (n.d.). Later work, op. 41, 2004: Glia Society Canon.

[57] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Paul Cooijmans.

[58] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). GAIA: Gifted Adult’s Inventory of Aspergerisms.

[59] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Straight talk about asperger syndrome.

[60] See Cooijmans, P. (2010, September). Human degeneration.

*Complete reference style listing without access dates.*

Association of Legal Writing Directors (ALWD, 2nd Edition, 2003): Paul Cooijmans & Scott Jacobsen, Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two), 2015(8) In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/.

American Anthropological Association (AAA, 2009): Cooijmans, Paul, and Scott D. Jacobsen 2015 Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two). http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/.

American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers (ASABE): Cooijmans, P., & Jacobsen, S. (2015). Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. Retrieved from http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/.

American Chemical Society: Cooijmans, P.; Jacobsen, S. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two). http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/.

American Economic Association (AEA): Best, B., S. Jacobsen 2015. “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/.

American Institute of Physics (AIP): Paul Cooijmans and Scott D. Jacobsen, “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two),” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, 8 July 2015, http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/

American Medical Association (AMA): Paul C. and Jacobsen S. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal [Online]. July 2015; 8(A). Available from: http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/.

American Meteorological Society (AMS): Cooijmans, P., and S. D. Jacobsen, 2015: Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, 8. [Available online at http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/.]

American Physiological Society (APS): Paul C, Jacobsen S. (2015). Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two) [Online]. In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/.

American Political Science Association (APSA, 2006): Cooijmans, Paul, and Jacobsen, Scott. 2015. “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal: 8 (A). http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/.

American Psychological Association (APA, 6th Edition, 2010): Cooijmans, P. & Jacobsen, S.D. (2015, July 8). Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two)Retrieved from http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/.

American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE, 2010): Cooijmans, P., and Jacobsen, S.D. (2015). “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, <http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/>.

American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME): Cooijmans, P. and Jacobsen, S., 2015, “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two),” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, from
http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/

American Sociological Association (ASA, 4th Edition): Cooijmans, Paul and Scott Jacobsen 2015. “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two).” In-Sight (8.A). Retrieved (http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/).

Basic Legal Citation (LII Edition, 2007): Paul Cooijmans & Scott Jacobsen, Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two), 2015(8) In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/.

Brazilian National Standards (ABNT): COOIJMANS, P. & JACOBSEN, S. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. 8.A, July. 2015. <http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/>.

Canadian Anthropology Society (CAS, 2014): Cooijmans, Paul, Scott Douglas Jacobsen 2015 Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/.

Chicago/Turabian, Author-Date (16th Edition): Cooijmans, Paul & Jacobsen, Scott. 2015. “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. 8.A. http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/.

Chicago/Turabian, Humanities (16th Edition): Cooijmans, Paul & Jacobsen, Scott “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. 8.A (July 2015). http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/.

Council of Science Editors (CSE): Cooijmans P, Jacobsen S. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two). In-Sight [Internet]. 2015; Available from: http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/.

Entomological Society of America: Cooijmans, P., and S. Jacobsen 2015. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two). http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/

Harvard: Cooijmans, P. & Jacobsen, S. 2015, ‘Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two)’, In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, vol. 8.A. Available from: <http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/>.

Harvard, Australian: Cooijmans, P. and Jacobsen, S. 2015, Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two)’, In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, vol. 8.A., http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/.

Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE): P. Cooijmans and S. Jacobsen, “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two),” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, vol. 8.A, July 2015. [Online]. Available: http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/.

Modern Language Association (MLA, 7th Edition, 2009): Cooijmans, Paul, and Scott D. Jacobsen. “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal 8.A (2015): July. 2015. Web. <http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/>.

National Library of Medicine (2nd Edition, 2007): Cooijmans P, Jacobsen SD. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal [Internet]. 2015 July 8; 8(A). Available from: http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/

The Geological Society of America (GSA): Cooijmans, P., and Scott Jacobsen 2015, Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two): http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/.

Vancouver/ICMJE: Cooijmans P. and Jacobsen S. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part Two) [Internet]. (2015, July); 8(A). Available from: http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/08/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-two/.

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© Scott Douglas Jacobsen, In-Sight, and In-Sight Publishing 2012-2015. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Scott Douglas Jacobsen and In-Sight with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.  All interviewees co-copyright their interview material and may disseminate for their independent purposes.

Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One)

Mr. Paul Cooijmans

*Complete footnotes and reference style listing, respectively, at the bottom*

ABSTRACT

Interview with Paul Cooijmans. Independent psychometitor and administrator of The Glia Society and The Giga Society. He discusses: main personal work, information from personal websites, three main websites, and presentation of personal information, publications, and societies, numerous, diverse interests centered in high-range intelligence and its measurement, and family background with respect to geography, culture, and language; the influence of these on development; and additional influences and pivotal moments in major cross-sections of early life including kindergarten, elementary school, junior high school, high school, and undergraduate studies (college/university).

Keywords: administrator, background, culture, elementary school, family, geography, high-range intelligence, high school, junior high school, kindergarten, Paul Cooijmans, psychometitor, publications, societies, The Giga Society, The Glia Society, undergraduate studies.

*Incomplete, common reference style listing without access dates.*

American Medical Association (AMA): Paul C. and Jacobsen S. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal [Online]. July 2015; 8(A). Available from: http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/.

American Psychological Association (APA, 6th Edition, 2010): Cooijmans, P. & Jacobsen, S.D. (2015, July 1). Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One)Retrieved from http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/.

Brazilian National Standards (ABNT): COOIJMANS, P. & JACOBSEN, S. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. 8.A, July. 2015. <http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/>.

Chicago/Turabian, Author-Date (16th Edition): Cooijmans, Paul & Jacobsen, Scott. 2015. “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. 8.A. http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/05/08/best-best-director-of-research-oversight-life-extension-foundation-part-two/.

Chicago/Turabian, Humanities (16th Edition): Cooijmans, Paul & Jacobsen, Scott “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. 8.A (July 2015). http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/.

Harvard: Cooijmans, P. & Jacobsen, S. 2015, ‘Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One)’, In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, vol. 8.A. Available from: <http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/>.

Harvard, Australian: Cooijmans, P. and Jacobsen, S. 2015, Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One)’, In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, vol. 8.A., http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/.

Modern Language Association (MLA, 7th Edition, 2009): Cooijmans, Paul, and Scott D. Jacobsen. “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal 8.A (2015): July. 2015. Web. <http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/>.

Vancouver/ICMJE: Cooijmans P. and Jacobsen S. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One) [Internet]. (2015, May); 8(A). Available from: http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/.

1. Your main collections of personal work and information come from personal websites.[1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6] Of those with an interest in this, the three main websites provide plenty of collected works on subject matter of interest to you.[7],[8],[9] You have presentation of personal information, publications, and societies elsewhere.[10],[11],[12],[13],[14],[15],[16],[17],[18],[19],[20],[21],[22],[23],[24],[25],[26],[27] One can find numerous, diverse interests centered in high-range intelligence and its measurement.[28],[29],[30] To begin this conversation, in terms of geography, culture, and language, where does your family background reside?[31]

My family is from the south of the Netherlands, from the eastern part of the province of Noord-Brabant, and of a Roman Catholic non-intellectual working class background. My first language is the local dialect as spoken in the village of Lieshout. I learnt Standard Netherlandic later, in primary school. People in this region are anecdotally said to be Burgundians, meaning they are keen on the good life, food, wine, beer, and feasting, but it is uncertain to what extend they are genealogically descended from the Burgundians (this part of Europe did belong to the Duchy of Burgundy in the past). In any case, most inhabitants of the south of the Netherlands are of Frankish descent, and many, including us, are descendants in line of Charlemagne; the Franks settled here in the early Middle Ages.

2. How did this influence your development?[32]

The influence of this family background lies mainly in the non-intellectual and social aspects. In this milieu, only physical labour counts, and any kind of intellectual activity is looked down upon, is not respected, not considered work. Studying, and certainly anything beyond secondary school, is not encouraged but seen as “not for our kind of people”, and it is customary and expected to leave school early and find a job. There is no understanding of the fact that one may have talents in intellectual fields, and that pursuing those may lead to societal success and social mobility. These things have changed meanwhile, and I am probably one of the last generation to grow up like this.

Regarding social matters, one is not taught social and communication skills, including manners and self-care skills, as required in highbrow or posh circles, so that one is unlikely to end up in the right company to get on in life, to end up in the nepotistic networks where the jobs and the money are divided. In fact, I only just escaped needing dentures in early adulthood; in my family it was usual to have one’s teeth pulled and get artificial ones by one’s mid-twenties. This, too, has changed now, but my childhood fell just in the days when customs and standards of the 1950s and before had not disappeared yet. The circumstance that my parents were already over forty at my birth will have contributed to these old-fashioned, almost anachronistic conditions.

Being an intelligent child from a non-intellectual background as just sketched, I was an outsider both in my family and in the outer world. I was on my own and had to invent and discover for myself how to get through the maze of life, in the absence of any guidance or beaten path. The overall effect of that is a being slowed down in one’s development, leading to late-blooming. A good analogy for that can be seen in the land speed records for freely moving vehicles (“cars”) as opposed to vehicles guided by a rail (“trains”); the former is only just over the speed of sound, the latter more than ten thousand kilometres per hour, so about eight times as fast. With guidance, one is clearly faster. However, when moving into unknown terrain, there can exist no guidance. There lie no tracks on land where no man has gone before.

3. What about influences and pivotal moments in major cross-sections of early life including kindergarten, elementary school, junior high school, high school, and undergraduate studies (college/university)?[33]

This is a very broad and comprehensive question, so the answer is according:

The educational system in the Netherlands is not the same as that in the United States, and its components can not necessarily all be mapped on to the American concepts in the question, but I did go to kindergarten, primary school, secondary school, and the conservatory (academy of music). A fact that has been influential is that, in those days and in the area where I grew up, there was no notion of “gifted children”, and therefore no special attention to such, no dedicated classes where one was among intellectual peers, no “enrichment” or acceleration or how one calls it. All of that came about a decade too late for me. I think it could have made much difference. For a highly intelligent child, to be put through the same curriculum at the same pace in the same classroom as dozens of age peers of much lower ability, that is about the cruelest form of child abuse imaginable.

The first day in kindergarten – late in the summer of ’69 – was a pivotal moment; it ended my freedom. I hated being forced to go to school, I was attached to being boss over my own time and activities. I have hated school every single day from then on to the end of secondary school. I strongly felt no one had the right to tell me what to do and claim my time and mental focus. Only decades later I would learn that this is typical of Asperger syndrome, and that Hans Asperger described it in his 1944 article, which I summarized in English in 2009. It is the being self-driven, only feeling well when doing things that come from within, not being able to bear being steered. It is an anarchism from the inside.

A telling example of my way of apprehending the world took place in these kindergarten years: The teacher asked us to make a drawing of little cupboards filled with clay. I set myself to it, although drawing was not my strongest side. When all were ready, our drawings were compared, and to my utter astonishment I was the only one who had got it right, who had actually drawn little cupboards filled with clay! All the other kindergarteners had, by some bizarre misunderstanding, drawn a man; a big black man, with boxing gloves on. For background information, it may be good to mention here that the Netherlandic for “little cupboards filled with clay” sounds almost exactly like “Cassius Clay”, the name then still being used for Muhammed Ali, who had defended his world championship title the night before.

Primary school was fairly thorough in those days, especially in a small village where the school had priorly been run by nuns; there was still one nun left at that time. I was excellent at all subjects except for music, gymnastics, drawing, and manual training. When returning after a two-week illness, the class was taking a very difficult examination for which I had not been able to prepare, but the teacher let me try it anyway. Another pupil who had also been ill was told, “No, you had better not take the test without preparation. We are not all called Paul Cooijmans!” It turned out the exam was so hard that, apart from my perfect score, everyone failed and had to redo it. In that period, as well as later in secondary school, it was common that, when a teacher asked a difficult question to the group, a remark would be added along the lines of “Paul does not need to answer, he always knows everything”.

It was during the primary school years that I developed a scientific mind, a desire to know and understand all there is. My greatest interests were astronomy, physics, and chemistry (none of which was taught at school) and I was fascinated by the theory of relativity. I read any books I could get from the library about such matters, independently of school, and was aware that I knew far more than I was supposed to. In fifth grade, the teacher – the nun – told us that the sun was the biggest star; obviously I knew that was not true, but said nothing, thus saving her the embarrassment of being corrected by a child. I mention this to illustrate I was not only intellectually superior to my environment, but also had the emotional maturity and constraint to handle my being thus, in defiance of the prejudice of “high I.Q. equals low E.Q.”

For secondary school I had to travel to a nearby city, 8 to 9 kilometres twice daily on a bicycle. Children were much coarser, ruder, and more intolerant there, and there were competing street gangs. My bicycle got stolen once, under the eyes of a few students. A bystander proposed to steal a new one for me for fifty guilders, and they were genuinely amazed when I refused that kind offer. The next few years, basically my puberty, were the worst period of my life, and I turned to music and started playing guitar and composing, more or less neglecting my scientific interests. Although it went extremely bad with me emotionally, I kept excelling at almost all subjects, again with the exception of those already mentioned. Once on a parents’ evening, the chemistry teacher called me a “unicum”. I also began writing, mainly short stories, and made a film of one of them, a science-fiction horror story called “Liquidatie”, wherein the main character is dissolved in concentrated sulphuric acid. At the end of secondary school I formed a rock band called Catweazle, which would exist, in varying forms, until 1987.

By way of background information, it is relevant that my youth, to my misfortune, fell in the heyday of egalitarianism; no one was supposed to be better than another. There were no honours to be earned at school, and there existed no cum laude predicate when graduating, which I with certainty have deserved. There was also no I.Q. testing of children or students, and no concept of “giftedness” or high intelligence. In short, the hostile and egalitarian environment of secondary school changed my path from science – my biggest strength – to music and writing.

The conservatory was in an old convent, and a dance academy was housed in the same building, so all in all it was much as in the television series “Fame”. The curriculum was extremely thorough and demanding, and I devoted all of my time and energy to it. I actually studied even in my dreams, which is what happens spontaneously when one is occupied with something constantly. I was particularly good at a subject called counterpoint, which deals with writing melody and polyphony. One day, the teacher wanted us to write the exposition (the first part) of a fugue in baroque style. When I came to the next lesson I had finished an entire fugue. The teacher played it on the piano with all the students sitting around him, as was common. After my piece had died away, there was an unusual silence. When people resumed breathing, the teacher looked at me and asked, “Did you write this?” I said, “Yes”. He said, “Then you must have been moved by the Spirit”. None of the other students had more than a few bars completed.

A bit later, in the early 1990s, my scientific interest returned to some extent, and I occupied myself with an aspect of music theory, making a significant contribution to it (the quantification of discordance, not to be confused with dissonance, and involving the discovery of 96 chords that have never yet sounded). To my frustration, no one I presented it to could fully understand it. “When I see those things, that is where it ends for me”, said my composition teacher, pointing at a radical sign in my work. He would also describe teaching me as “observing an internal process develop”.

Pivotal was also the time when the psychology teacher told us that lying is normal social behaviour, and that everyone does it many times a day. Since I had never lied, that was an extreme insult to me, and I could have killed him on the spot, had it not been for my exceptional emotional constraint; again, one sees that high I.Q. equals not low E.Q. I understood that something had to be seriously wrong with the social sciences if falsehood like that was being presented as established fact. It would take me a few decades more to understand the motivation behind this spreading of lies by people posing as scientists. Around that time I wrote an essay on “giftedness”, as an assignment for psychology class, and an expert in that field whom I consulted advised me to join a certain I.Q. society, which I did a few years thereafter. By that time I was teaching guitar, and as such created a scale to express a guitarist’s level of advancedness. In 1994, that led me to try my hand at constructing I.Q. tests, which seemed to me a logical step. From early 1995 on, that became my main activity.

[1] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Detailed personal information.

[2] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Paul Cooijmans.

[3] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). The Giga Society.

[4] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). The Giga Society: Introduction.

[5] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). The Glia Society.

[6] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). The Glia Society: General Information.

[7] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Paul Cooijmans.

[8] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). The Giga Society.

[9] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). The Glia Society.

[10] See Self-Growth.com (2015). Paul Cooijmans: High-range intelligence test Expert.

[11] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). I.Q. Tests For The High Range.

[12] See Morollo, M.K. (2014, August 28).10 of the world’s most exclusive member’s clubs.

[13] See [z457731] (2013, June 8). Is there an accurate online IQ test for measuring 160+ Iqs?.

[14] See Barnes, H.G. (2015, February 19). Los 9 clubes exclusivos en los que jamás te van a dejar entrar.

[15] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Paul Cooijmans.

[16] See Thompson, D. (2015, April 4). We don’t think of highly gifted people as mentally disabled. Perhaps we should.

[17] See Lulu.com (n.d.). Author Information: Paul Cooijmans.

[18] See Google+ (n.d.). Paul Cooijmans.

[19] See [irritatedattheprinter] (2014). Aphorisms by Paul Cooijmans-memorable quips for arguing.

[20] See Volney, K. (2013, September 2). Interview with Paul Cooijmans: Administrator of the Giga Society.

[21] See [Paul Cooijmans] (2009, February 16). Interview 1999 (Fragment).

[22] See [Paul Cooijmans] (2009, February 21). Interview 1996.

[23] See Cooijmans, P. (1996). Video portrait 1996.

[24] See Cooijmans, P. (1999). Interview 1999 (fragment).

[25] See Peden, C. (2011, September). Interview with Paul Cooijmans.

[26] See n.a. (2002). An interview with Paul Cooijmans.

[27] See Thorbes, S. (2004). Interview with Paul Cooijmans.

[28] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Paul Cooijmans.

[29] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). The Giga Society.

[30] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). The Glia Society.

[31] See Cooijmans, P. (n.d.). Detailed personal information.

[32] Ibid.

[33] Ibid.

*Complete reference style listing without access dates.*

Association of Legal Writing Directors (ALWD, 2nd Edition, 2003): Paul Cooijmans & Scott Jacobsen, Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One), 2015(8) In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/.

American Anthropological Association (AAA, 2009): Cooijmans, Paul, and Scott D. Jacobsen 2015 Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One). http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/.

American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers (ASABE): Cooijmans, P., & Jacobsen, S. (2015). Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. Retrieved from http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/.

American Chemical Society: Cooijmans, P.; Jacobsen, S. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One). http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/.

American Economic Association (AEA): Best, B., S. Jacobsen 2015. “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/.

American Institute of Physics (AIP): Paul Cooijmans and Scott D. Jacobsen, “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One),” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, 1 July 2015, http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/

American Medical Association (AMA): Paul C. and Jacobsen S. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal [Online]. July 2015; 8(A). Available from: http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/.

American Meteorological Society (AMS): Cooijmans, P., and S. D. Jacobsen, 2015: Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, 8. [Available online at http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/.]

American Physiological Society (APS): Paul C, Jacobsen S. (2015). Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One) [Online]. In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/.

American Political Science Association (APSA, 2006): Cooijmans, Paul, and Jacobsen, Scott. 2015. “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal: 8 (A). http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/.

American Psychological Association (APA, 6th Edition, 2010): Cooijmans, P. & Jacobsen, S.D. (2015, July 1). Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One)Retrieved from http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/.

American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE, 2010): Cooijmans, P., and Jacobsen, S.D. (2015). “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, <http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/>.

American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME): Cooijmans, P. and Jacobsen, S., 2015, “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One),” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, from
http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/

American Sociological Association (ASA, 4th Edition): Cooijmans, Paul and Scott Jacobsen 2015. “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One).” In-Sight (8.A). Retrieved (http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/).

Basic Legal Citation (LII Edition, 2007): Paul Cooijmans & Scott Jacobsen, Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One), 2015(8) In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/.

Brazilian National Standards (ABNT): COOIJMANS, P. & JACOBSEN, S. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. 8.A, July. 2015. <http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/>.

Canadian Anthropology Society (CAS, 2014): Cooijmans, Paul, Scott Douglas Jacobsen 2015 Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/.

Chicago/Turabian, Author-Date (16th Edition): Cooijmans, Paul & Jacobsen, Scott. 2015. “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. 8.A. http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/05/08/best-best-director-of-research-oversight-life-extension-foundation-part-two/.

Chicago/Turabian, Humanities (16th Edition): Cooijmans, Paul & Jacobsen, Scott “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. 8.A (July 2015). http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/.

Council of Science Editors (CSE): Cooijmans P, Jacobsen S. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One). In-Sight [Internet]. 2015; Available from: http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/.

Entomological Society of America: Cooijmans, P., and S. Jacobsen 2015. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One). http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/

Harvard: Cooijmans, P. & Jacobsen, S. 2015, ‘Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One)’, In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, vol. 8.A. Available from: <http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/>.

Harvard, Australian: Cooijmans, P. and Jacobsen, S. 2015, Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One)’, In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, vol. 8.A., http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/.

Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE): P. Cooijmans and S. Jacobsen, “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One),” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, vol. 8.A, July 2015. [Online]. Available: http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/.

Modern Language Association (MLA, 7th Edition, 2009): Cooijmans, Paul, and Scott D. Jacobsen. “Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal 8.A (2015): July. 2015. Web. <http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/>.

National Library of Medicine (2nd Edition, 2007): Cooijmans P, Jacobsen SD. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal [Internet]. 2015 July 8; 8(A). Available from: http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/

The Geological Society of America (GSA): Cooijmans, P., and Scott Jacobsen 2015, Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One): http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/.

Vancouver/ICMJE: Cooijmans P. and Jacobsen S. Paul Cooijmans: Independent Psychometitor; Administrator, The Giga Society; Administrator, The Glia Society (Part One) [Internet]. (2015, July); 8(A). Available from: http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/07/01/paul-cooijmans-independent-psychometitor-administrator-the-giga-society-administrator-the-glia-society-part-one/.

License

In-Sight by Scott Douglas Jacobsen is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.

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© Scott Douglas Jacobsen, In-Sight, and In-Sight Publishing 2012-2015. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Scott Douglas Jacobsen and In-Sight with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.  All interviewees co-copyright their interview material and may disseminate for their independent purposes.

An Introduction to Informational Cosmology [Casual]

Dear Readers,

An Introduction to Informational Cosmology [Casual] available in the “Ebooks” section.

(June 1, 2015, 1st edition; PDF, 47 pages; 20,067 words)

An Introduction to Information Cosmology [Academic]

Yours,

Scott

License

In-Sight by Scott Douglas Jacobsen is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.

Copyright

© Scott Douglas Jacobsen, In-Sight, and In-Sight Publishing 2012-2015. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Scott Douglas Jacobsen and In-Sight with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.  All interviewees co-copyright their interview material and may disseminate for their independent purposes.

Ben Best: Director of Research Oversight, Life Extension Foundation (Part Three)

Mr. Ben Best

ABSTRACT

Interview with Ben Best, director of research oversight, Life Extension Foundation (LEF). In part three, he discusses the following subject-matter: possible venture capitalist philanthropy towards the LEF’s endeavours and initiatives; the technological singularity and life extension; independent computer science research and current work; miscellaneous writing and book pitch; conference reports and the most surprising finding from them; different definitions of nutraceuticals and pharmaceuticals in addition to the government industry favouring pharmaceuticals over nutraceuticals; and motivation for his life’s work.

Keywords: aging, Ben Best, computer science, conference reports, Life Extension Foundation, nutraceuticals, pharmaceuticals, philanthropy, venture capitalist.

American Psychological Association (APA, 6th Edition, 2010): Best, B. & Jacobsen, S.D. (2015, May 15). Ben Best: Director of Research Oversight, Life Extension Foundation (Part Three). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, 8.ARetrieved from http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/05/15/best-best-director-of-research-oversight-life-extension-foundation-part-three/.

Chicago/Turabian (16th Edition): Best, Ben & Jacobsen, Scott “Ben Best: Director of Research Oversight, Life Extension Foundation (Part Three).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. 8.A (2015). http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/05/15/best-best-director-of-research-oversight-life-extension-foundation-part-three/.

Harvard: Best, B. & Jacobsen, S 2015, ‘Ben Best: Director of Research Oversight, Life Extension Foundation (Part Three)’, In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, vol. 8.A. Available from: <http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/05/15/best-best-director-of-research-oversight-life-extension-foundation-part-three/>.

Modern Language Association (MLA, 7th Edition, 2009): Best, Ben, and Scott D. Jacobsen. “Ben Best: Director of Research Oversight, Life Extension Foundation (Part Three).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal 8.A (2015): May. 2015. Web. <http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/05/15/best-best-director-of-research-oversight-life-extension-foundation-part-three/>.

18. Some prominent venture capitalists consider the efforts for life extension of utmost importance. Furthermore, an endeavour thought in high regard because of the financial evidence in the record of one-way distribution of funds, i.e. from venture capitalist to individual, research group, company, or organization. Some venture capitalists provide tremendous amounts of money from personal wealth to research and further the aims of organizations for the increased quality life expectancy of human beings.

For instance, Peter Thiel[1] funds numerous initiatives with inclusion of the aforementioned Dr. Aubrey de Grey[2][3].  He provided financial backing to Dr. de Grey in the early stages of development of The Methusaleh Foundation[4].[5] An amount of $3.5 million towards antiaging research.[6]  Of course, he’s worth over $2 billion dollars.[7]

Does the LEF receive substantial funds from venture capitalists or others with a philanthropic proclivity?  What does the LEF need to pursue more of its bold research projects?

All of LEF money spent on research comes from supplement sales. More revenue from sales would allow for more research. Less harassment by government agencies (currently the IRS) would be of great benefit.

19. Insofar as individuals and groups predict the future of medicine and technology, some in the community of transhumanism predict the singularity.[8] A metaphor from astrophysics about the center of a black hole, or a singularity, a point of zero volume and infinite density. Light cannot escape it and, hence, one cannot see past it. No light; no sight. 

Similarly, some posit the technological singularity. Technology’s continued increase in pace of progression at some future point creates an unpredictable future past that moment.  A time in the future in which technology will advance beyond predictive capabilities.  Same metaphor.  It depends on emphasis.  How probable does the technological singularity future seem to you?  How might this improve the future of life extension research?

I am more concerned with the near future than the far future. By definition it is impossible to think about anything post-singularity. I am not convinced of technological singularity, but I am expecting continued accelerating progress. Possibly there will be a law of diminishing returns rather than a singularity. But if that happens, I hope it happens after aging and disease have been eliminated.

20. You include a number of articles on computer science.[9] About half connected to the idea of Y2K.  About another half on topics with more modern import: An Overview of Neural Networks[10], Artificial Intelligence and the Preservation of Mind[11], and Object-Oriented Programming and APL Language[12].[13]

Each covers a significant amount of territory on subject matter in computer science.  Associated with the expertise from the degree earned from SFU in computer science. How does this stream of independent research assist you – as director of research oversight?

Everything I have ever done or studied was not done for the sake of a job (my current job), which I did not anticipate having until a few years ago. I suppose anyone can say that anything they have every learned has somehow been helpful to them in their current endeavors.

21. You have one portion of the website devoted to miscellaneous writings.[14] Those outside the extensive core of written work.  Far fewer exist there: The Uses of Financial Statements[15], Bees Man[16], and Ancient DNA & Preservation in Amber[17].[18] Have you thought of a compilation of organized and miscellaneous writings for inclusion into a pitch for mainstream book publishers?

My only past effort in submitting a book for publication was SCHEMERS IN THE WEB, which was rejected by every publisher I sent it to. So I self-published by putting on my website: http://www.benbest.com/history/schemers.html. All my writings have either been self-publishing on my website or magazine articles. I have never again considered a book, although some of my articles have been included as chapters in books edited by others.

22. With respect to some of the work necessary for the LEF, attendance at and reportage from conferences seems necessary, especially to remain apprised on the pre-publication information of academic papers. In fact, you wrote a number of conference reports for the LEF.[19][20]  In them, you covered the, at the time, most recent research into life extension at these conferences. In the midst of research into these topics, what finding most surprised you?

The prospect of genetic engineering and gene therapy with the advent of CRISPR/Cas9 is probably the biggest breakthrough in recent years.

23. In the Nutraceutical Topic Index, you write a frank description of the difference between pharmaceuticals and nutraceuticals.[21] In a firm tone, you state:

Pharmaceuticals are substances which have (or have had) patent protection as a result of expensive testing to conform to the specifications of a government agency. Many nutrients will never receive government approval because no one could justify the expense of government testing requirements for substances & uses which cannot be protected by patent. Both pharmaceuticals & nutrients can both cure & prevent disease — but only pharmaceuticals have government sanction. Many pharmaceuticals have their origin in plants & animals — and are no less “natural” than nutrients.[22]

I found this poignant and concise.  What other implications of this expensive government testing requirements of substances in addition to the government sanction for pharmaceuticals (but not nutraceuticals) need statement to you?

As I wrote in my review of the World Stem Cell Summit in the June 2013 issue of LIFE EXTENSION magazine, I favor the repeal of the 1962 Kefauver-Harris Amendment that added a proof-of-efficacy requirement to the proof-of-safety requirements for FDA drug approval. Requiring efficacy in addition to safety in the wake of the 1962 thalidomide scare was pure politics; thalidomide was entirely a safety issue.

http://www.lef.org/Magazine/2013/6/World-Stem-Cell-Summit-2012/Page-01

The effect of the Kefauver-Harris Amendment was to reduce the availability of new drugs to the public. The average number of new drugs introduced dropped from 40 per year before 1962 to 16 per year soon after 1962. Average time from filing to approval for new drugs rose from 7 months before 1962 to 7.8 years by 1998. A 2006 study estimated the cost to bring a new drug to market at between $500 million to $2 billion.

After FDA approval, safety rather than efficacy is mainly what matters because physicians are free to prescribe the drug “off label” for any indication they please. And FDA-approved drugs are not very safe, anyway. The American Medical Association has reported that adverse reactions to FDA-approved drugs in American hospitals is a leading cause of death.

24. With respect to the core ideas of life extension, you wrote numerous other articles on the topic. Some written work covers the personal thoughts on extension of life. Some mentioned earlier in addition to the novel (relative to this interview) articles: Why Life Extension? Or Why Live At All?[23], Causes of Death[24], Alzheimer’s Disease: Molecular Mechanisms[25], Is Longevity Entirely Heritable[26], Can Deprenyl (Selegiline) Extend Human Lifespan?[27], “Smart Drugs” & the Aging Brain: A Superficial Review[28], Whey Protein and Life Extension[29], and Life Extension Benefits of Methionine Restriction[30], and numerous other articles and resources on life extension.[31][32]

To close with a quote and question, in Why Life Extension? Or Why Live At All?[33], you wrote:

Existentialists often say “life is meaningless” with the implication that they are describing an objective meaning outside themselves, and independent of any human being. But it is humans who care about things and have feelings. Humans are the source of value and the process of valuation. A mother filled with love for her newborn baby does not wonder whether life is meaningful. An Existentialist who says life is meaningless is describing his or her own emotional state (a statement of values), not a fact about the universe. It is humans who find (or can’t find) meaning in life because of what they value (or don’t value).

What motivates this life’s work?

The prospect of a vastly long, healthy and youthful life motivates me.

[1] See Forbes Magazine (2015, April 18). #12 Peter Thiel.

[2] See SENS (n.d.). Executive Team.

[3] See de Grey, A. & Jacobsen, S.D.  (2014, June).

[4] See Methuselah Foundation (2008). Methuselah Foundation.

[5] See Methuselah Foundation (2008). Paypal Founder pledges $3.5 Million to antiaging research.

[6] Ibid.

[7] See Forbes Magazine (2015, April 18). #12 Peter Thiel.

[8] See Vinge, V. (1993). What is the Singularity?.

[9] See Best, B. (n.d.). Topic Index for Articles about Computer Science by Ben Best.

[10] See Best, B. (n.d.). An Overview of Neural Networks.

[11] See Best, B. (n.d.). Artificial Intelligence and the Preservation of Mind.

[12] See Best, B. (n.d.). Object-Oriented Programming and APL Language.

[13] See Best, B. (n.d.). Topic Index for Articles about Computer Science by Ben Best.

[14] See Best, B. (n.d.). Topic Index for Miscellaneous Writings by Ben Best.

[15] See Best, B. (n.d.). The Uses of Financial Statements.

[16] See Best, B. (n.d.). St. Bees Man.

[17] See Best, B. (n.d.). Ancient DNA & Preservation in Amber.

[18] See Best, B. (n.d.). Topic Index for Miscellaneous Writings by Ben Best.

[19] See Best, B. (n.d.). Conference Report: Ellison Medical Foundation Colloquium on Aging.

[20] See Best, B. (n.d.). Report: The 2014 Cardiovascular Disease Prevention Symposium.

[21] See Best, B (n.d.). Nutraceuticals Topic Index.

[22] Ibid.

[23] See Best, B. (n.d.). Why Life Extension? Or Why Live At All?.

[24] See Best, B. (n.d.). Causes of Death.

[25] See Best, B. (n.d.). Alzheimer’s Disease: Molecular Mechanisms.

[26] See Best, B. (n.d.). Is Longevity Entirely Heritable?.

[27] See Best, B. (n.d.). Can Deprenyl (Selegiline) Extend Human Lifespan?.

[28]See Best, B. (n.d.). “Smart Drugs” & the Aging Brain: A Superficial Review.

[29]See Best, B. (n.d.). Whey Protein and Life Extension.

[30]See Best, B. (n.d.). Life Extension Benefits of Methionine Restriction.

[31] More resources exist in the website.  Those articles listed for some further reading.  One section of the personal website hyperlinks to a number of references and resources sectioned by “General References,” “BioMedical References,” “General Science/Technology References,” “Computing and Internet References,” “Literature References,” “Geographical Orientation,” “Time Orientation,” “Telephone Orientation,” “Space,” and “Generalized and Specialized News or Information.”[31] I found these resources akin to the ubiquitous contents of the website.  In general, you express thoughtful and coherent arguments for topics of interest in addition to the provision of useful information bolstered by references and resources. See next footnote for reference.

[32] See Best, B. (n.d.). Links: References and Resources.

[33] See Best, B. (n.d.). Why Life Extension? Or Why Live At All?.

Bibliography

  1. Best, B. (n.d.). A Case for Free Will AND Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/philo/freewill.html.
  2. Best, B. (n.d.). A Simplified History of China. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/history/China.html.
  3. Best, B. (n.d.). Acetyl-L-Carnitine (ALCAR). Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/nutrceut/ALCAR.html.
  4. Best, B. (n.d.). Alzheimer’s Disease: Molecular Mechanisms. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/lifeext/Alzheimer.html.
  5. Best, B. (n.d.). An Austrian Theory of Business Cycles. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/polecon/buscycle.html.
  6. Best, B. (n.d.). An Overview of Neural Networks. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/computer/nn.html.
  7. Best, B. (n.d.). Ancient DNA & Preservation in Amber. Retrieved fromhttp://www.benbest.com/misc/DNAamber.html.
  8. Best, B. (n.d.). Articles about Caloric Restriction with Adequate Nutrition (CRAN). Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/calories/calories.html.
  9. Best, B. (n.d.). Artificial Intelligence and the Preservation of Mind. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/computer/ai.html.
  10. Best, B. (n.d.). Bavarian Illuminati. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/history/bavarian.html.
  11. Best, B. (n.d.). Ben Best in a Nutshell. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/personal/nutshell.html.
  12. Best, B. (n.d.). Business/Investment Data and Information. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/business/business.html/.
  13. Best, B. (n.d.). Caloric Restriction with Adequate Nutrition – An Overview. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/calories/cran95.html.
  14. Best, B. (n.d.). Can Deprenyl (Selegiline) Extend Human Lifespan?. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/lifeext/deprenyl.html.
  15. Best, B. (n.d.). Causes of Death. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/lifeext/causes.html.
  16. Best, B. (n.d.). CoEnzyme Q10(Ubiquinone, Ubiquinol and Semiquinone). Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/nutrceut/CoEnzymeQ.html.
  17. Best, B. (n.d.). Conference Report: Ellison Medical Foundation Colloquium on Aging. Retrieved from http://www.lef.org/magazine/2013/1/Conference-Report-Ellison-Medical-Foundation-Colloquium-on-Aging/Page-01.
  18. Best, B. (n.d.). Cryonics – Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ). Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/cryonics/CryoFAQ.html.
  19. Best, B. (n.d.). DHA for Hearts and Minds. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/health/dha.html.
  20. Best, B. (n.d.) DHEA Hormone Replacement. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/nutrceut/DHEA.html.
  21. Best, B. (n.d.). Diogenes of Sinope. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/philo/diogenes.html.
  22. Best, B. (n.d.). Egyptology, Rosicrucianism, and the Quest for Immortality. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/history/egypt.html.
  23. Best, B. (n.d.). Fats You Need — Essential Fatty Acids. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/health/essfat.html.
  24. Best, B. (n.d.). Financial Statements in the “New Economy”. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/business/newecon.html.
  25. Best, B. (n.d.). Fixed-Income Securities: Money-Markets & Bonds. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/business/debt.html.
  26. Best, B. (n.d.). Funding Cryonics with an Estate. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/cryonics/estate.html.
  27. Best, B. (n.d.). Investing & Trading in Equities: Art & Science. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/business/investing.html.
  28. Best, B. (n.d.). Is Longevity Entirely Heritable?. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/lifeext/longgene.html.
  29. Best, B. (n.d.). Mechanisms of Aging. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/lifeext/aging.html#radical.
  30. Best, B. (n.d.). My Health Regimen – Exercise, Diet, Supplements. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/personal/regimen.html.
  31. Best, B. (n.d.). L-Carnosine and Related Histamine-Derived Molecules. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/nutrceut/carnosine.html.
  32. Best, B. (n.d.). Life Extension Benefits of Methionine Restriction. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/calories/Meth.html.
  33. Best, B. (n.d.). Links: References and Resources. Retrieved fromhttp://www.benbest.com/resource/resource.html.
  34. Best, B (2014). LinkedIn: Ben Best. Retrieved from https://www.linkedin.com/pub/ben-best/3a/45/65a.
  35. Best, B. (n.d.). Links to some of my favorite sources of IMAGES/PICTURES/ ANIMATIONS. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/images/images.html.
  36. Best, B. (n.d.). Monetary Systems and Managed Economies. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/polecon/monetary.html.
  37. Best, B. (n.d.). N-AcetylCysteine (NAC). Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/nutrceut/NAC.html.
  38. Best, B. (n.d.). North American Credit Scoring & Reporting. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/business/credit.html.
  39. Best, B. (n.d.). Nutraceuticals Topic Index. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/nutrceut/nutrceut.html.
  40. Best, B. (n.d.). Object-Oriented Programming and APL Language. Retrieved fromhttp://www.benbest.com/computer/oopapl.html.
  41. Best, B. (n.d.). Offshore Options for Cryonicists. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/cryonics/offshore.html.
  42. Best, B. & de Grey, A. (2006, February). Profile: Aubrey de Grey, PhD An Exclusive Interview with the Renowned Biogerontologist. Retrieved from http://www.lef.org//Magazine/2006/2/profile/Page-01.
  43. Best, B. (2013, January). Report: 2013 Keystone Diabetes Conference. Retrieved from http://www.lef.org//Magazine/2013/10/2013-Keystone-Diabetes-Symposium/Page-01.
  44. Best, B. (2013, January). Report: Conference Report Ellison Medical Foundation Colloquium on Aging. Retrieved from http://www.lef.org/Magazine/2013/1/Conference-Report-Ellison-Medical-Foundation-Colloquium-on-Aging/Page-01.
  45. Best, B. (n.d.). Report: The 2014 Cardiovascular Disease Prevention Symposium. Retrieved from http://www.lef.org/magazine/2014/7/The-2014-Cardiovascular-Disease-Prevention-Symposium/Page-01.
  46. Best, B. (1990). Schemers in the Web: A Covert History of the 1960’s Era. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/history/schemers.html.
  47. Best, B. (n.d.). “Smart Drugs” & the Aging Brain: A Superficial Review. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/lifeext/smart.html.
  48. Best, B. (n.d.). Some Thoughts About Wisdom. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/philo/wisdom.html.
  49. Best, B. (n.d.). St. Bees Man. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/misc/stbees.html.
  50. Best, B. (n.d.). The Duplicates Paradox (The Duplicates Problem). Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/philo/doubles.html.
  51. Best, B. (n.d.). The FDA versus the Life Extension Foundation. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/polecon/fdalef.html.
  52. Best, B. (n.d.). The Major American Equity Indices: DOW, Nasdaq, S&P 500, Russell 2000 and Wilshire 5000. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/business/indexusa.html.
  53. Best, B. (2015, January). The Las Vegas A4M Conference. Retrieved from http://www.lef.org//Magazine/2015/1/The-Las-Vegas-A4M-Conference/Page-01.
  54. Best, B. (n.d.). The New West Co-op Houses: An Essay in Recognition of the 20th Anniversary. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/history/coop.html.
  55. Best, B. (n.d.). The Uses of Financial Statements. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/business/finance.html.
  56. Best, B. (n.d.). The Wace, Texas Massacre. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/history/waco.html.
  57. Best, B. (n.d.). Thoughts on Exploitation Theory. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/polecon/exploit.html.
  58. Best, B. (n.d.). Timing the Market: Patterns in American Stock Market Movements. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/business/timing.html.
  59. Best, B. (n.d.). Topic Index for Articles about Computer Science by Ben Best. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/computer/computer.html.
  60. Best, B. (n.d.). Topic Index for Articles about Life Extension by Ben Best. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/lifeext/lifeext.html.
  61. Best, B. (n.d.). Topic Index for Essays on Philosophy by Ben Best. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/philo/philo.html.
  62. Best, B. (n.d.). Topic Index for Essays on Political Economy by Ben Best. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/polecon/polecon.html.
  63. Best, B. (n.d.). Topic Index for Miscellaneous Writings by Ben Best. Retrieved fromhttp://www.benbest.com/misc/misc.html.
  64. Best, B. (n.d.). Vitamin E (Tocopherols and Tocotrienols). Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/nutrceut/VitaminE.html.
  65. Best, B. (n.d.). Welcome to the World of Ben Best. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/.
  66. Best, B. (n.d.). Whey Protein and Life Extension. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/lifeext/whey.html.
  67. Best, B. (n.d.). Why Life Extension? Or, Why Live At All?. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/lifeext/whylife.html.
  68. Blaylock, R.L. (2008, January). Report: DHA Supports Brain Development and Protects Neurological Function. Retrieved from http://www.lef.org//Magazine/2008/1/report_dhafishoil/Page-01.
  69. Buchanan, L. (2013, January). CoQ10: The Longevity Factor. Retrieved from http://www.lef.org//Magazine/2013/1/CoQ10-The-Longevity-Factor/Page-02.
  70. de Grey, A. & Jacobsen, S.D. (2014, June 8). Aubrey de Grey: SENS Research Foundation, Chief Science Officer and Co-founder; Rejuvenation Research, Editor-in-Chief. Retrieved from http://in-sightjournal.com/2014/06/08/dr-aubrey-de-grey-rejuvenation-research-editor-in-chief-methuselah-foundation-co-founder-sens-foundation-co-founder/.
  71. Forbes Magazine (2015, April 18). #12 Peter Thiel. Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/profile/peter-thiel/.
  72. Gael (n.d.) Ben Best in Another Nutshell. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/personal/gael.html.
  73. Goepp, J. (2008, April). Report: Newly Discovered Health Benefits of Vitamin C. Retrieved from http://www.lef.org/magazine/2008/4/Newly-Discovered-Benefits-Of-Vitamin-C/Page-01.
  74. Kurzweil, R. (2004, October 7). Fantastic Voyage; Live Long Enough to Live Forever. Retrieved from http://www.kurzweilai.net/fantastic-voyage-live-long-enough-to-live-forever.
  75. Kurzweil, R. (2014). Kurzweil: Accelerating Intelligence. Retrieved from http://www.kurzweilai.net/.
  76. Kurzweil, R. (2014). Ray Kurzweil biography. Retrieved from http://www.kurzweilai.net/ray-kurzweil-biography.
  77. Kurzweil, R. (2001, March 7). The Law of Accelerating Returns. Retrieved from http://www.kurzweilai.net/the-law-of-accelerating-returns.
  78. Kurzweil, R. (2009, April 28). TRANSCEND: Nine Steps to Living Well Forever. Retrieved from http://www.rayandterry.com/transcend/overview.php.
  79. Life Extension Foundation (2009, October). Abstracts: Iodine. Retrieved from http://www.lef.org//Magazine/2009/10/Iodine-Cognitex-and-Bioidentical-Hormones/Page-01.
  80. Life Extension Foundation (2014). Acetyl-L-Carnitine. Retrieved from http://www.lef.org/Vitamins-Supplements/item01524/Acetyl-L-Carnitine.
  81. Life Extension Foundation (2014). CAL / MAG. Retrieved from http://www.lef.org/Vitamins-Supplements/item16026/CAL—MAG.
  82. Life Extension Foundation (2014). DHEA Complete. Retrieved from http://www.lef.org/Vitamins-Supplements/item01478/DHEA-Complete.
  83. Life Extension Foundation (2014). DMAE: Dimethylaminoethanol. Retrieved from http://www.lef.org/Vitamins-Supplements/item01540/DMAE-Bitartrate-dimethylaminoethanol.
  84. Life Extension Foundation (2014). Life Extension Foundation. Retrieved from http://www.lef.org/.
  85. Life Extension Foundation (2014). Life Extension Mix™ Capsules. Retrieved from http://www.lef.org/vitamins-supplements/Item01954/Life-Extension-Mix-Capsules.
  86. Life Extension Foundation (2005, October 18). Life Extension Update. Retrieved from http://www.lef.org/Newsletter/2005/10/Alpha-tocotrienol-protects-against-stroke-damage/Page-01#prod2.
  87. Life Extension Foundation (2014). N-Acetyl-L-Cysteine. Retrieved from http://www.lef.org/Vitamins-Supplements/item01534/N-Acetyl-L-Cysteine.
  88. Life Extension Foundation (2014). Natural Vitamin E. Retrieved from http://www.lef.org/Vitamins-Supplements/item01763/Natural-Vitamin-E.
  89. Life Extension Foundation (2014). Super Ubiquinol CoQ10 with Enhanced Mitochondrial Support™. Retrieved from http://www.lef.org/Vitamins-Supplements/item01426/Super-Ubiquinol-CoQ10-with-Enhanced-Mitochondrial-Support.
  90. Life Extension Foundation (2014). TMG. Retrieved from http://www.lef.org/Vitamins-Supplements/item01859/TMG.
  91. Mark Twain. (2015). InEncyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/610829/Mark-Twain.
  92. Methuselah Foundation (2008). Methuselah Foundation. Retrieved from http://methuselahfoundation.net/.
  93. Methuselah Foundation (2008). Paypal Founder pledges $3.5 Million to antiaging research. Retrieved from http://mfoundation.org/index.php?pagename=newsdetaildisplay&ID=0107.
  94. NASA (2015). Astronomy Picture of the Day Archive. Retrieved from http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/archivepix.html.
  95. Ray and Terry Longevity Products (2011). Terry Grossman – Full Biography. Retrieved from http://www.rayandterry.com/bio-grossman.
  96. Stokel, K. (2011, January). Carnosine, Exceeding Scientific Expectations. Retrieved from http://www.lef.org/magazine/2011/1/Carnosine-Exceeding-Scientific-Expectations/Page-01.
  97. Stokel, K. (2011, January). Report: Critical Importance of Gamma E Tocopherol Continues to Be Overlooked. Retrieved from http://www.lef.org//Magazine/2011/1/Critical-Importance-of-Gamma-E-Tocopherol-Continues-to-Be-Overlooked/Page-02.
  98. (2015). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1998212/transhumanism.
  99. S. Food and Drug Administration (2014). US Food and Drug Administration. Retrieved from http://www.fda.gov/.
  100. Vinge, V. (1993). What is the Singularity?. Retrieved from http://mindstalk.net/vinge/vingesing.html.
  101. Vyff/Trice, S. (n.d.) Ben Best as I Have Known Him. Retrieved from http://www.benbest.com/personal/shannon.html.

License

In-Sight by Scott Douglas Jacobsen is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.

Copyright

© Scott Douglas Jacobsen, In-Sight, and In-Sight Publishing 2012-2015. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Scott Douglas Jacobsen and In-Sight with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.  All interviewees co-copyright their interview material and may disseminate for their independent purposes.

Ben Best: Director of Research Oversight, Life Extension Foundation (Part Two)

Mr. Ben Best

ABSTRACT

Interview with Ben Best, director of research oversight, Life Extension Foundation (LEF). In part two, he discusses the following subject-matter: LEF and prediction of the near, and far, future; Caloric Restriction with Adequate Nutrition (CRAN), and the main factors and processes of CRAN; LEF’s legal battle with the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Insurance Revenue Service (IRS); an in-progress essay entitled Mechanisms of Aging with condensed information in relation to the variegated mechanisms of aging; thoughts on three key mechanisms of aging including metabolic damage, cellular senescence and death, and toxic & non-toxic garbage accumulation; academic and professional venues for the public to read more about aging; brief listing of interest in writing in philosophy, political economy, historical writing, and computers; commentary on articles on personal writings on business/investment based in knowledge and personal opinion, and the emphasis of a libertarian philosophy with reasons for its strength as a philosophy; the possibility of many figures’ extrapolation of technological change into the singularity and if this plays into his plan to live for thousands of years.

Keywords: aging, Ben Best, business, caloric restriction with adequate nutrition, computers, health, historical writing, Internal Revenue Service, investment, Life Extension Foundation, philosophy, political economy, singularity, supplements, The University of British Columbia.

American Psychological Association (APA, 6th Edition, 2010): Best, B. & Jacobsen, S.D. (2015, May 8). Ben Best: Director of Research Oversight, Life Extension Foundation (Part Two). In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, 8.ARetrieved from http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/05/08/best-best-director-of-research-oversight-life-extension-foundation-part-two/.

Chicago/Turabian (16th Edition): Best, Ben & Jacobsen, Scott “Ben Best: Director of Research Oversight, Life Extension Foundation (Part Two).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. 8.A (2015). http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/05/08/best-best-director-of-research-oversight-life-extension-foundation-part-two/.

Harvard: Best, B. & Jacobsen, S 2015, ‘Ben Best: Director of Research Oversight, Life Extension Foundation (Part Two)’, In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, vol. 8.A. Available from: <http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/05/08/best-best-director-of-research-oversight-life-extension-foundation-part-two/>.

Modern Language Association (MLA, 7th Edition, 2009): Best, Ben, and Scott D. Jacobsen. “Ben Best: Director of Research Oversight, Life Extension Foundation (Part Two).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal 8.A (2015): May. 2015. Web. <http://in-sightjournal.com/2015/05/08/best-best-director-of-research-oversight-life-extension-foundation-part-two/>.

9. How does the LEF research program split organizationally? Where do you project each stream of research in the near and far future?

I have mostly answered the first question in 6 above. As the Danish proverb says, prediction is hard, especially about the future. This implies lack of control, which is not accurate, but I cannot foresee changes to the current policies in the near future and the far future is beyond my vision.

10. Some of the best means of life extension amount to the reduction of calories relative to one’s daily recommended amount of caloric intake.[1] You describe one of the most robust means of life extension: Caloric Restriction with Adequate Nutrition (CRAN).[2] You write about this in the article Caloric Restriction with Adequate Nutrition – An Overview[3].  In brief, how does caloric restriction extend life and improve health – main factors and processes?[4]

Whether CRAN would extend maximum lifespan in humans is an open question, but I think there is plenty of evidence that it improves health and reduces the chance of all aging-related diseases such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, Alzheimer’s Disease, and certainly type 2 diabetes (which accelerates aging).  Luigi Fontana has studied humans practicing CRAN, and I reported on Dr. Fontana’s discoveries in the June 2014 issue of LIFE EXTENSION magazine.

11. With respect to reading many of your productions, one article stood out to me: The FDA versus the Life Extension Foundation[5]. In the piece, you describe the S. Federal Drug Administration[6] (FDA) legal battle with the LEF in a “long & vicious battle against the Life Extension Foundation,” which had conclusion in “February, 1996” because “this charge was dropped. It was the first time in the history of the FDA that the agency had given-up on a criminal indictment against a political opponent.”[7]  Where does the current relationship lie between the FDA and the LEF?  What about the relation of other organizations to the LEF with regards to legal battles?  Does research of this nature tend to come under intense scrutiny?

LEF is not currently fighting the FDA, but LEF is currently fighting the IRS. This fight has been going on for a few years and has put a damper on LEF research funding. The issue resolves around the relationship between LEF (which funds research) and the Buyer’s Club (which sells supplements, generating money for LEF funding of research). Negotiations have been proceeding somewhat encouragingly between LEF and the IRS. Some structural changes will be made between LEF and the Buyer’s Club, and there is reason to believe that the conflict will be resolved soon.

12. You have an ongoing manuscript in production entitled Mechanisms of Aging. You intend to continue research for this manuscript for some time.  It contains tremendous amounts of condensed information in relation to the variegated mechanisms of aging.  What inspired the original production of this work-in-progress? 

As I have mentioned, I am highly motivated to live thousands of years. See my article “Why Life Extension?”

13. Too much to cover here. You state three categories for summarization of personal research into the mechanisms of aging: 1) Metabolic damage, 2) cellular senescence and death, and 3) toxic & non-toxic garbage accumulation.[8]  What comprises each category?  How might these rank-order in terms of their general contributions with respect to general aging?

The Summary & Conclusions section of “Mechanisms of Aging” specifies what comprises each category. I am not sure which is worse between 1) and 3), but I am not too concerned about 2) in the context of the next 30 years because I think stem cells and organ replacement will make that form of damage less important. 1) and 3) will remain important because the brain, which is the one organ which cannot be replaced.  As for my essay, I have become so engrossed in my work at LEF, that my maintenance of that essay in the context of developing science has fallen behind.

14. What academic and popular venues can professionals and lay-persons alike read on their own time about aging in full detail?

I recommend my essays “Mechanisms of Aging” and “Alzheimer’s Disease: Molecular Mechanisms” as well as Aubrey de Grey’s book ENDING AGING: The Rejuvenation Breakthroughs that Could Reverse Human Aging in Our Lifetime.

15. You have taken an interest in a variety of other arenas of research and expression. I point to writing in philosophy[9],[10],[11],[12]political economy[13],[14], historical writing[15],[16],[17],[18],[19],[20],[21], computers[22],[23], and many others. 

I recommend readers to other articles in the bibliography and website for complete information.  However, for our purposes, we can discuss some of these ideas in brief. Undoubtedly, these form personal interests relevant to your intellectual pursuits.  What do you consider the core discovery in personal research into philosophy, political economy, history, and computers?  How do these, and other major areas of research, factor into framework for understanding the world.

Like many libertarians, I have been inspired by the works of Ayn Rand and by Mises’s book HUMAN ACTION, as well as Rothbard’s MAN, ECONOMY, AND STATE. I am highly critical of central banks, and am hopeful the cryptocurrencies will replace government money.  I have been irritated by the attacks on rationality by those claiming to interpret quantum physics.  What I enjoyed especially about my time working with computers, was the way computers will immediately let you know of flaws in your thinking. But programming in APL not only corrected my rational faculties, but inspired my creative imagination.

16. You wrote on business/investment. In fact, a number of articles on aspects of the economy based in knowledge and educated opinion: Investing & Trading in Equities: Art & Science [24], An Austrian Theory of Business Cycles[25], Fixed-Income Securities: Money-Markets & Bonds[26], North American Credit Scoring & Reporting[27], The Major American Equity Indices: DOW, Nasdaq, S&P 500, Russell 2000 and Wilshire 5000[28], Timing the Market: Patterns in American Stock Market Movements[29], The Uses of Financial Statements[30], Financial Statements in the “New Economy”[31], Monetary Systems and Managed Economies[32], Funding Cryonics with an Estate[33], Offshore Options for Cryonicists[34], among other articles and recommendations.[35]

Other writings and redirections in relation to “indices and charts,” “investment information news,” and “investment research – links and resources.”  You mentioned libertarianism.  Sprinkles of this philosophy seem to exist in indirect quotes from articles.  In Offshore Options for Cryonicists[36], you quote Mark Twain[37], who said, “The difference between a taxidermist and a tax collector is that the taxidermist only takes your skin.”  With respect to libertarianism and its evidentiary grounding, what evidence most convinces you? What argument most convinces you? What seem like drawbacks to you?

State power is driven by the self-aggrandizement of politicians, who seek to enhance their power by creating benefits for their constituents through plundering others, which is pleasing to the constituents who are the recipients of the plunder and often initiate soliciting the plunder. Regulators may think that they are benefiting the economy by their actions, but they usually do more harm than good. The arguments for a free market are not something I can summarize in a short answer. As for drawbacks, even (so-called) libertarians can be drawn into the self-aggrandizing addiction to power resulting from involvement in the political process.

17. With regards to one community of researchers, dependent and independent, numerous respected individuals, in and out of the mainstream, emerge in the literature and media including Aubrey de Grey[38],[39], Dr. Peter Diamandis, M.D.[40], Dr. Ray Kurzweil[41], Dr. Terry Grossman[42], M.D.[43], Saul Kent[44] of the Life Extension Foundation[45], and many, many others.

Most probable in highest prominence –as a figure, Dr. Ray Kurzweil, posits the Law of Accelerating Returns – an extension of Moore’s Law – to extrapolate from past and present technological achievements and trends into possible, even probable, future achievements and trends in the progress of technology.[46],[47],[48],[49],[50]

Of course, alterations and improvements in technology, especially medical technology and knowledge, yield the possibility for betterment of the human condition. Does the technological singularity work into your personal expectations and plans, i.e. intention to live for thousands of years?

I don’t think about technological singularity very much. Robert Ettinger, hosts of science fiction writers, and many others have expected continuing technological progress long before Kurzweil. I hope and expect for continued, accelerating technological progress which is what anyone would expect by extrapolating the past into the future. And I hope and expect that this progress with lead to vastly improved heath, youth, and longevity.

[1] Ibid.

[2] See Best, B. (n.d.). Caloric Restriction with Adequate Nutrition – An Overview.

[3] Ibid.

[4] See Best, B. (n.d.). Articles about Caloric Restriction with Adequate Nutrition (CRAN).

[5] See Best, B. (n.d.). The FDA versus the Life Extension Foundation.

[6] See U.S. Food and Drug Administration (2014). US Food and Drug Administration.

[7] See Best, B. (n.d.). The FDA versus the Life Extension Foundation.

[8] See Best, B. (n.d.). My Health Regimen – Exercise, Diet, Supplements.

[9] See Best, B. (n.d.). A Case for Free Will AND Determinism.

[10] See Best, B. (n.d.). Some Thoughts About Wisdom.

[11] See Best, B. (n.d.). The Duplicates Paradox (The Duplicates Problem).

[12] See Best, B. (n.d.). Topic Index for Essays on Philosophy by Ben Best.

[13] See Best, B. (n.d.). Thoughts on Exploitation Theory.

[14] See Best, B. (n.d.). Topic Index for Essays on Political Economy by Ben Best.

[15] See Best, B. (1990). Schemers in the Web: A Covert History of the 1960’s Era.

[16] See Best, B. (n.d.). Bavarian Illuminati.

[17] See Best, B. (n.d.). Egyptology, Rosicrucianism, and the Quest for Immortality.

[18] See Best, B. (n.d.). The New West Co-op Houses: An Essay in Recognition of the 20th Anniversary.

[19] See Best, B. (n.d.). St. Bees Man.

[20] See Best, B. (n.d.). The Waco, Texas Massacre.

[21] See Best, B. (n.d.). A Simplified History of China.

[22] See Best, B. (n.d.). An Overview of Neural Networks.

[23] See Best, B. (n.d.). Topic Index for Articles about Computer Science by Ben Best.

[24] See Best, B. (n.d.). Investing & Trading in Equities: Art & Science.

[25] See Best, B. (n.d.). An Austrian Theory of Business Cycles.

[26] See Best, B. (n.d.). Fixed-Income Securities: Money-Markets & Bonds.

[27] See Best, B. (n.d.). North American Credit Scoring & Reporting.

[28] See Best, B. (n.d.). The Major American Equity Indices: DOW, Nasdaq, S&P 500, Russell 2000 and Wilshire 5000.

[29] See Best, B. (n.d.). Timing the Market: Patterns in American Stock Market Movements.

[30] See Best, B. (n.d.). The Uses of Financial Statements.

[31] See Best, B. (n.d.). Financial Statements in the “New Economy”.

[32] See Best, B. (n.d.). Monetary Systems and Managed Economies.

[33] See Best, B. (n.d.). Funding Cryonics with an Estate.

[34] See Best, B. (n.d.). Offshore Options for Cryonicists.

[35] See Best, B. (n.d.). Business/Investment Data and Information.

[36] Ibid.

[37] See Mark Twain. (2015).

[38] See SENS (n.d.). Executive Team.

[39] See de Grey, A. & Jacobsen, S.D.  (2014, June).

[40] See Diamandis, P.H. (2014). Peter H. Diamandis.

[41] See Kurzweil, R. (2014). Kurzweil: Accelerating Intelligence.

[42] See Ray and Terry Longevity Products (2011). Terry Grossman – Full Biography.

[43] See Grossman, T (n.d.). Dr. Terry Grossman’s Story.

[44] See Biomarker Pharmaceuticals (n.d.). Board of Directors: Saul Kent Director, Founder..

[45] See LEF (n.d.). Life Extension Foundation.

[46] See Kurzweil, R. (2004, October 7). Fantastic Voyage; Live Long Enough to Live Forever.

[47] See Kurzweil, R. (2014). Kurzweil: Accelerating Intelligence.

[48] See Kurzweil, R. (2014). Ray Kurzweil biography.

[49] See Kurzweil, R. (2001, March 7). The Law of Accelerating Returns.

[50] See Kurzweil, R. (2009, April 28). TRANSCEND: Nine Steps to Living Well Forever.

License

In-Sight by Scott Douglas Jacobsen is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.

Copyright

© Scott Douglas Jacobsen, In-Sight, and In-Sight Publishing 2012-2015. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Scott Douglas Jacobsen and In-Sight with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.  All interviewees co-copyright their interview material and may disseminate for their independent purposes.

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