Skip to content

An Interview with J.J. Middleway (Part Four)

December 22, 2015

Interviewer: Scott Douglas Jacobsen

Numbering: Issue 9.A, Idea: Outliers & Outsiders (Part Five)

Place of Publication: Langley, British Columbia, Canada

Title: In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal

Web Domain: http://www.in-sightjournal.com

Individual Publication Date: December 22, 2015

Issue Publication Date: January 1, 2016

Name of Publisher: In-Sight Publishing

Frequency: Three Times Per Year

Words: 4,137

ISSN 2369-6885

J.J. Middleway

Abstract

Interview with J.J. Middleway. He discusses: community provisions for The Order of Bards Ovates & Druids for members’ personal growth and sense of social life; common ritual practices in druidism; role of elders and chiefs; necessary knowledge prior to the druid path; druid and pagan exemplars for personal inspiration; articles, books, general resources, and organizations, societies, and orders for those with an introductory interest in Druidry; unlisted resources for self-development and support; and the development of the current crop of individuals in Druidry.

Keywords: druid, druidism, Druidry, J.J. Middleway, pagan, The Order of Bards Ovates & Druids.

An Interview with J.J. Middleway (Part Four)[1],[2]

*Please see the footnotes and citation style listing after the interview, respectively.*

20. The Order of Bards Ovates & Druids have a number of resources online with short documentaries, trailers, songs, lectures, interviews, and others.[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8],[9],[10],[11],[12],[13],[14],[15],[16],[17],[18],[19],[20],[21],[22],[23],[24],[25],[26],[27],[28],[29],[30],[31] A number of insights to demystify the spiritual practices and mystical aspects of the druid path for individuals and in collective celebrations, gatherings, and lessons. What does the community of The Order of Bards Ovates & Druids provide for its members in personal growth and sense of druid social life?[32],[33],[34]

This very much depends upon the inclination and disposition of the individual.  For some, the term ‘Hedge Druid’ might apply, which means they prefer a more solitary or less social path. Such individuals might simply follow the OBOD correspondence course over several years or more. They would also receive the monthly ‘in house’ magazine, called ‘Touchstone’.  They might, or might not, opt to join one of the on-line forums in order to network and share questions and experiences.

In addition to the above:

Others are part of a worldwide network of many dozens of Druid Groves and ‘Seed Groups’; particularly throughout Europe, USA, Canada and Australia, but more widely too.  This would likely include meeting together to celebrate the ‘Wheel of the Year’ – the eightfold seasonal cycle of the seasons (e.g.  Winter Solstice).  Such celebrations might extend more widely to include others in the local community.

Then there are various Druid camps and gatherings in both the Southern and Northern hemispheres, again often aligned to seasonal festivals. These offer an extended community experience of ‘living Druidry’.,

Twice a year, near to Summer and Winter Solstice, there are larger Assembly gatherings, typically of two hundred or so members and friends, and occasionally even larger gatherings, such as for the 50th anniversary gathering, which accommodated circa 400. Typically, these take place in Glastonbury, England, and will involve open ritual either upon Glastonbury Tor summit, or in the sacred Chalice Well gardens.  There would typically be inspiring talks and teachings coupled with what is termed an ‘Eisteddfod’ – an opportunity for the Bards, poets, storytellers, singers and musicians of OBOD, to entertain, bedazzle and amuse.

The Three part correspondence course, referred to above, forms the heart of the teachings, learning and practice of the Order of Bards, Ovates and Druids.  This is the framework connecting all members, commencing with ‘Bard’, where individuals essentially learn how to ‘flower unto themselves’, creatively expressing through such media as poetry, story, song and art.

Then follows the deeper, often more intense, Ovate studies; to do with aspects such as, Ancestors, Trees, Divination, Healing, Death…and Rebirth.

Next comes the Druid element of the course- essentially drawing it all together and seeking to be of ‘service in the world’.

I hope this gives some inkling of the opportunities for personal growth and of Druid social life available via OBOD:  Of course many OBOD friends just like to get together where possible and simply share good company – accompanied perhaps by a glass of ‘Druids Delight’ -golden “mead”, made from honey (the bee symbolising community in Druid teaching).

21. What remain the common ritual practices, their names and purposes, for those in the world of druidism to express various public initiations or important moments of life in the druid path of the individual and community?

I have already referred to the ‘Eightfold Wheel of the Year’, where key points in the cycles of the Sun and Moon are honoured and celebrated.  This provides an insightful framework for better understanding the cycle of life and key points within it – both for oneself and the wider natural world.

Key rituals on a life path might include ‘Naming’: – the allocation and honouring of a new name being given to a baby or young child.

‘Handfasting’: – The sacred union through love of two individuals – Hence the term ‘tying the knot’.

‘Parting’ – witnessing and marking the passing of a soul from this ‘seen’ world to another ‘unseen’ realm.

Additionally, there are sometimes rituals to mark the transition to ‘Elder’ within a community.

In all cases, there is generally a significant benefit through connection – both to oneself, to others and often to something mysterious – ‘beyond’.  The process of experiencing, witnessing and honouring key moments in the natural cycle and within an individual life, help give purpose, meaning and inspiration to community, family and tribe.  It may be that the original meaning of religion – ‘to re-bind’, ‘to re-connect’ is reflected to some degree through these practices.    However, Druidry does not particularly classify itself as religion, but rather as a set of guiding principles; a philosophy and practice through which a virtuous and amusing life can be manifested.

22. The Order of Bards Ovates & Druids does have structure and history.[35],[36],[37] Ross Nichols founded the order and Philip Carr-Gomm remains the current chief of it.[38],[39]What role do elders and chiefs perform for the druid community?

Principally, such individuals would provide vision and leadership.

The focusing and facilitating of rituals and gatherings – especially the larger ones, is often, but not necessarily, performed by an elder.   It is for the chief and elders to provide guidance, counsel and teaching to enable the flourishing and enrichment of the wider community.  Others may do this too, but it would naturally fall to those recognised as embodying the characteristics of an elder – such as wisdom, compassion, humour; humility, presence and experience.

It is through providing effective and simple role models of these behaviours, that the overall health of the Order – and indeed the wider world – is enhanced.

23. To better comprehend the knowledge and understand some of the organizations involved in the world of druidism and paganism, numerous resources and organizations exist for personal research and self-development, if one does have that inclination, including the Order of Bards Ovates & Druids.[40],[41],[42],[43],[44],[45],[46],[47],[48],[49],[50] Insofar as those with an interest in the general aspects of druidism based in skimmed reading and glances at the publications of the druid community, what core aspect does the individual in search of the druid path need to know prior to, or at least in the early stages of, the journey provided the druidic ways?

The simple desire or intent to manifest one’s true self in the world.

The knowledge that it’s not just you who doesn’t know, and that its perfectly ok to ‘not know’.

The wisdom to allow oneself to be the fool.

Also the knowledge that there is no pressure to continue – it is ok to change your mind at any time and look elsewhere.

As in freedom you come, so in freedom you may leave at any time.

24. What druid or pagan exemplars inspire you?

The Oak Tree; The Birch and The Yew.

The Moon, The Sun and The Stars.

You, Me, Everyone!

25. What articles, books, general resources, and organizations, societies, and orders seem worth pursuing for those with an introductory interest in druidism?

My honest answer?  It’s all on the OBOD website.

(including reference to, and recommendation of, other organisations)

My own path has been greatly aided by books by Joseph Campbell, such as ‘The Masks of God’ and ‘Myths to Live By’.  Also those by Christmas Humphries; especially ‘Studies in the Middle Way’ and “Buddhism”.

Others which come to mind and have inspired me:

  1. John Welwood’s ‘Journey of the Heart’,
  2. John and Caitlin Matthews ‘The Western Way’.
  3. Jonathan Briggs – ‘Mistletoe’,
  4. and numerous others too many to mention,
  5. although here are a couple more: ‘The Sacred Yew’, Anand Chetan and Diana Brueton.
  6. ‘Anam Cara’ – John O’Donohue.
  7. And ‘The Natural Death Handbook’ published by the Natural Death Centre.

You can see that these are not all overtly ‘druidic’. Each of us must find our own way if we so choose. My own experience is of a ‘perennial wisdom’ which suffuses and transcends all paths. While druidry works well for me, it does not suit all.  I am just as happy with terms such as ‘The Nameless Path’ or ‘The Path of the Open Heart’

26. In consideration of the same organizations and resources, and unlisted others, how does the individual member of the druid community turn to these organizations and resources for further self-development and support, respectively?[51],[52],[53],[54],[55],[56],[57],[58],[59],[60]

By opening the heart, daring to ask and trusting the process.

One might also add; ‘by applying common sense, modest effort and intuition’.

27. Formal, and informal, general descriptors of druidism exist in multiple websites, articles, and so on. This includes the Order of Bards Ovates & Druids, which, in What is Druidry (n.d.), states:

The Order of Bards, Ovates & Druids works with Druidry as a spiritual way and practice that speaks to three of our greatest yearnings: to be fully creative in our lives, to commune deeply with the world of Nature, and to gain access to a source of profound wisdom. Each of these yearnings comes from a different aspect of ourselves that we can personify as the Singer, the Shaman and the Sage…Druidry, or Druidism as it is also known, manifests today in three usually separate ways: as a cultural enterprise to foster the Welsh, Cornish and Breton languages; as a fraternal pursuit to provide mutual support and to raise funds for good causes; and as a spiritual path…The practice of Druidry was replaced with Christianity by the seventh century…Like seeds that have lain dormant for centuries before suddenly flowering again, Druidry began a process of revival, started by scholars in Britain, France and Germany who became fascinated by the subject…Druidry appeals in particular to people who have become disenchanted with much of conventional religious practice, and who are seeking a sense of spiritual connection with the land, and with their ancestors. In today’s fast-moving and environmentally-threatened world, they are looking for a sense of rootedness in Time and in Place, and for a sense of reverence for the Earth.”[61]

Where will this growing crop develop, based on current trajectories, for the previously dormant seed?

From the acorn grows the Oak.

This growing crop of motivated souls is already sprouting.  Taking OBOD as a microcosm of the wider whole, more and more individuals are waking up to the notion that the earth is sacred and cannot continue to be desecrated and abused as it has been.

A movement is underway; a conflagration of ‘warriors of the heart’.

Where once there were a few, now there are growing numbers.

For me it is like this: In the 1960’s (my youth) emerged the spark of this movement. Somewhere – quite possibly ‘on some weird hippy field’ – a fire was lit.  From this fire, a brand was carried to several distant lands.

Over the years, I have witnessed and been privileged to experience, a range of camps or gatherings all round the world.  Initially it seemed like these were rare and each camp or tribal movement tended to think it was the only fire in the darkness of the forest. I glimpsed that there were more fires than superficially evident.

Over time, and especially in the last ten to fifteen years, the number of fires being lit, has grown, such that in each poetic landscape,  individual ‘hearth fires of the forest’,  can now see a range of other fires in the distance; across the valley, or further up the mountainside, like fireflies dotting the side of a creek.

These are still slowly, yet ever more rapidly, growing; each taking sustenance and encouragement from the other.

A ‘confidence through communion’ is taking place, such that this phenomenon (for that is what it is) is now linking fires, linking arms, in order to light up the world.

I sense the ‘growing crop’ developing in every land, across every nation and eventually, if not exactly  ‘in every heart’, then certainly in enough hearts to make a paradigm shift inevitable.

Come dream the world anew

For the time it is upon us

As the land cries out

Let consciousness be stirred.

Re-dream the sacred sites

So long silent, so long dormant

 For the time is ripe

Moonlight dance is in the air.

Re-imagine rivers flowing

Re-envision forests merging

As the drums now beat

Re-incarnate Goddess Earth

Bibliography

  1. Ár nDraíocht Féin: A Druid Fellowship. (2015). Ár nDraíocht Féin: A Druid Fellowship. Retrieved from https://www.adf.org/.
  2. Awen Grove Canada. (2014). Awen Grove Canada. Retrieved from http://awencanada.com/.
  3. Bertrand, I.J. (n.d.). Album. Retrieved from http://www.ingridbertrand.be/album/.
  4. Brown, N. (2014, October 21). Druid chants. Retrieved from https://druidlife.wordpress.com/2014/10/21/druid-chants/.
  5. Carr-Gomm, P. (2014, May 23). On Behalf of the Earth. Retrieved from http://www.philipcarr-gomm.com/on-behalf-of-the-land/.
  6. CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts. (2015). CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts. Retrieved from http://www.ucc.ie/celt/.
  7. Daily Mail (2009, September 12). Rock ‘n’ Roll, druids and the real wedding of the year. Retrieved from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1212087/Rock-n-roll-druids-real-wedding-year.html.
  8. Druid Camp. (2015). Who’s On: JJ Middleway. Retrieved from http://www.druidcamp.org.uk/whats-on-2015/this-year-at-druid-camp/.
  9. DruidCast. (2012).DruidCast – A Druid Podcast Episode 36. Retrieved from http://podbay.fm/show/257048136/e/1269348240?autostart=1.
  10. Gathering Around the Linden Tree. (2014). Workshop: Earth Healing Ritual. Retrieved from http://lindenhain.eu/eng/jj_earthhealing.html.
  11. Druid Camp. (2015, March 15). Druid Camp. Retrieved from http://www.goodreads.com/author_blog_posts/8043282-druid-camp.
  12. Henge of Keltria. (2015). Henge of Keltria. Retrieved from http://www.keltria.org/.
  13. IMBAS. (2015). IMBAS. Retrieved from http://www.imbas.org/imbas/.
  14. International Association of Reiki Professionals. (2015). International Association of Reiki Professionals. Retrieved from http://iarp.org/what-is-reiki/.
  15. LinkedIn. (2015). Jj Middleway. Retrieved from https://uk.linkedin.com/pub/jj-middleway/59/117/240.  ​
  16. LinkedIn. (2015). Yukon Assignment. Retrieved from https://www.linkedin.com/grp/home?gid=4999455&goback=%2Enpp_jj*5middleway%2F59%2F117%2F240.
  17. Middleway, J.J. (2015). Enchanting the Void. Retrieved from http://enchantingthevoid.co.uk/.
  18. Middleway, J.J. (2012, March 14). Great poem with a message. Retrieved from http://carnation-creations.blogspot.ca/2012/03/great-poem-with-message.html.
  19. MidSussex Times. (2009, September 10). Richard Branson’s nephew marries Lady Cowdray’s eldest Eliza. Retrieved from http://www.midsussextimes.co.uk/news/local/richard-branson-s-nephew-marries-lady-cowdray-s-eldest-eliza-1-1550589.
  20. Newman, P. (2014, August 1). Dance of Life…. Retrieved from http://storyfolksinger.blogspot.ca/2014/08/dance-of-life.html.
  21. Reformed Druids of North America. (2015). Reformed Druids of North America. Retrieved from http://rdna.info/.
  22. The British Druid Order. (2015). The British Druid Order. Retrieved from http://www.druidry.co.uk/.
  23. The Druid Network. (2015). The Druid Network. Retrieved from http://druidnetwork.org/.
  24. The Henge of Keltria. (2015). The Henge of Keltria. Retrieved from http://www.keltria.org/.
  25. The Order of Bards Ovates & Druids. (2015). The Order of Bards Ovates & Druids. Retrieved from http://www.druidry.org/.
  26. Tuathail, S.A. (1993). Foclóir Draíochta – Dictionary of Druidism. Retrieved from http://www.imbas.org/articles/focloir_draiochta.html.
  27. YouTube. (2015). YouTube. Retrieved from www.youtube.com.

Appendix I: Footnotes

[1] Druid;  Member, The Order of Bards Ovates & Druids; Celebrant; Healer; Mentor/Elder/Witness, UK – Boys2Men; Ritualist; Druid Mentor, Elder, and Witness.

[2] First publication on December 22, 2015 at www.in-sightjournal.com.

[3] Please see [Order of Bards Ovates and Druids]. (2015, June 19). OBOD 50th Anniversary 2014. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x00Imc9ZG2o.

[4] Please see [Order of Bards Ovates and Druids]. (2015, Jan 10). OBOD 50th Anniversary 2014 TRAILER. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9yqi2In_V3E.

[5] Please see [Order of Bards Ovates and Druids]. (2013, July 2). OBOD from the Archive. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=04zuz0idDLI.

[6] Please see [Order of Bards Ovates and Druids]. (2012, November 15). OBOD Mount Haemus Lectures, Salisbury, 29th September 2012. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Y3D0GtkjkY.

[7] Please see [Order of Bards Ovates and Druids]. (2012, November 4). A Druid Tree Meditation. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EnVRE8yME9g.

[8] Please see [Order of Bards Ovates and Druids]. (2009 October 6). Pt – 6: Beyond Belief – a talk by Philip Carr-Gomm at the Glastonbury Symposium July 2009. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MGGNsXb5kdE.

[9] Please see [Order of Bards Ovates and Druids]. (2009, October 6). Pt – 5: Beyond Belief – a talk by Philip Carr-Gomm at the Glastonbury Symposium July 2009. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LRQLGzdM4Pw.

[10] Please see [Order of Bards Ovates and Druids]. (2009, October 6). Pt – 4: Beyond Belief – a talk by Philip Carr-Gomm at the Glastonbury Symposium July 2009. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eiVb9ytrLWE.

[11] Please see [Order of Bards Ovates and Druids]. (2009, October 6). Pt – 3: Beyond Belief – a talk by Philip Carr-Gomm at the Glastonbury Symposium July 2009. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KnaNg7ppYlA.

[12] Please see [Order of Bards Ovates and Druids]. (2009, October 6). Pt – 2: Beyond Belief – a talk by Philip Carr-Gomm at the Glastonbury Symposium July 2009. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rOF5uMsAxDA.

[13] Please see [Order of Bards Ovates and Druids]. (2009, October 5). Philip Carr-Gomm in conversation with Henry Tricks. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4FA39Q0CzCo.

[14] Please see [Order of Bards Ovates and Druids]. (2009, August 6). David Curtis and Rachel Rose – OBOD 2009. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=29dYl4yT5Sk.

[15] Please see [Order of Bards Ovates and Druids]. (2009, August 6). Corwen and Kate – Cruel Sister – OBOD 2009. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=evI0heU2wYM.

[16] Please see [Order of Bards Ovates and Druids]. (2009, February 18). OBOD Summer Gathering Ritual – Glastonbury 2008. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=guhPZPqfF-4.

[17] Please see [Order of Bards Ovates and Druids]. (2008, December 5). Philip Carr-Gomm on the Paul O’Grady Show March 2008. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Xu4BF8xoKA.

[18] Please see [Order of Bards Ovates and Druids]. (2008, July 8). Introduction to the Order’s Mount Haemus Lectures 2004. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z56BUx8lRjk.

[19] Please see [Order of Bards Ovates and Druids]. (2008, July 6). OBOD Summer Gathering 2008. Damh the Bard – Fith Fath Song. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_7XWOf126wg.

[20] Please see [Order of Bards Ovates and Druids]. (2008, May 1). Seven Gifts of Druidry (higher definition version). Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-NccJ89BupI.

[21] Please see [Order of Bards Ovates and Druids]. (2008, January 31). You were meant to be here – Ideas on the spiritual life. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vqO93g-FofA.

[22] Please see [Order of Bards Ovates and Druids]. (2007, December 18). OBOD Summer Solstice 2006 Public Ritual on Glastonbury Tor. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=agGrwPo911s.

[23] Please see [Order of Bards Ovates and Druids]. (2007, November 6). The Seven Gifts of Druidry. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0dV7dOBMdcA.

[24] Please see [Order of Bards Ovates and Druids]. (2007, August 2). OBOD Glastonbury Summer Eisteddfod 2007 – Damh the Bard 2. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rRblSc0CM0s.

[25] Please see [Order of Bards Ovates and Druids]. (2007, August 2). OBOD Glastonbury Summer Eisteddfod 2007 – Paul and Greg. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wsomX_Tsh9w.

[26] Please see [Order of Bards Ovates and Druids]. (2007, August 2). OBOD Glastonbury Summer Eisteddfod 2007 – Damh the Bard. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tnTHrFh2T4k.

[27] Please see [Order of Bards Ovates and Druids]. (2007, March 23). Lughnasadh in 60 Seconds (05). Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k3lBj-rsHcQ.

[28] Please see [Order of Bards Ovates and Druids]. (2007, March 23). The Wickerman Dance (06). Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=75RDi77JaoE.

[29] Please see [Order of Bards Ovates and Druids]. (2007, March 23). Summer Solstice ritual at Stonehenge, Summer 2000. Part 1. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KEj_ctdF5PE.

[30] Please see [Order of Bards Ovates and Druids]. (2007, March 21). Ritual at Stonehenge, Summer 2000 Part 2. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cZBjUjj1Idg.

[31] Please see [Order of Bards Ovates and Druids]. (2012, November 15). OBOD Ritual on Glastonbury Tor, Summer 2000. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uR41P0NJAEw.

[32] Please see The Order of Bards Ovates & Druids. (2015). The Order of Bards Ovates & Druids. Retrieved from http://www.druidry.org/.

[33] Please see The Order of Bards Ovates & Druids. (2015). About The Order. Retrieved from http://www.druidry.org/about-us/about-order.

[34] Please see The Order of Bards Ovates & Druids. (2015). Frequently Asked Questions. Retrieved from http://www.druidry.org/about-us/frequently-asked-questions.

[35] Please see The Order of Bards Ovates & Druids. (2015). Who Runs The Order? How Is It Structured?. Retrieved from http://www.druidry.org/about-us/who-runs-order-how-it-structured.

[36] Please see The Order of Bards Ovates & Druids. (2015). The Order as a Five Dimensional Network. Retrieved from http://www.druidry.org/about-us/who-runs-order-how-it-structured/order-five-dimensional-network.

[37] Please see The Order of Bards Ovates & Druids. (2015). Ross Nichols – The Founder. Retrieved from http://www.druidry.org/about-us/ross-nichols-founder.

[38] Please see The Order of Bards Ovates & Druids. (2015). Ross Nichols – The Founder. Retrieved from http://www.druidry.org/about-us/ross-nichols-founder.

[39] Please see The Order of Bards Ovates & Druids. (2015). Philip Carr-Gomm – The Current Chief. Retrieved from http://www.druidry.org/about-us/philip-carr-gomm-current-chief.

[40] Please see Ár nDraíocht Féin: A Druid Fellowship. (2015). Ár nDraíocht Féin: A Druid Fellowship. Retrieved from https://www.adf.org/.

[41] Please see Awen Grove Canada. (2014). Awen Grove Canada. Retrieved from http://awencanada.com/.

[42] Please see CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts. (2015). CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts. Retrieved from http://www.ucc.ie/celt/.

[43] Please see IMBAS. (2015). IMBAS. Retrieved from http://www.imbas.org/imbas/.

[44] Please see The Order of Bards Ovates & Druids. (2015). The Order of Bards Ovates & Druids. Retrieved from http://www.druidry.org/.

[45] Please see Reformed Druids of North America. (2015). Reformed Druids of North America. Retrieved from http://rdna.info/.

[46] Please see The British Druid Order. (2015). The British Druid Order. Retrieved from http://www.druidry.co.uk/.

[47] Please see The Druid Network. (2015). The Druid Network. Retrieved from http://druidnetwork.org/.

[48] Please see The Henge of Keltria. (2015). The Henge of Keltria. Retrieved from http://www.keltria.org/.

[49] Please see The Order of Bards Ovates & Druids. (2015). The Order of Bards Ovates & Druids. Retrieved from http://www.druidry.org/.

[50] Please see Tuathail, S.A. (1993). Foclóir Draíochta – Dictionary of Druidism. Retrieved from http://www.imbas.org/articles/focloir_draiochta.html.

[51] Please see Awen Grove Canada. (2014). Awen Grove Canada. Retrieved from http://awencanada.com/.

[52] Please see CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts. (2015). CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts. Retrieved from http://www.ucc.ie/celt/.

[53] Please see IMBAS. (2015). IMBAS. Retrieved from http://www.imbas.org/imbas/.

[54] Please see The Order of Bards Ovates & Druids. (2015). The Order of Bards Ovates & Druids. Retrieved from http://www.druidry.org/.

[55] Please see Reformed Druids of North America. (2015). Reformed Druids of North America. Retrieved from http://rdna.info/.

[56] Please see The British Druid Order. (2015). The British Druid Order. Retrieved from http://www.druidry.co.uk/.

[57] Please see The Druid Network. (2015). The Druid Network. Retrieved from http://druidnetwork.org/.

[58] Please see The Henge of Keltria. (2015). The Henge of Keltria. Retrieved from http://www.keltria.org/.

[59] Please see The Order of Bards Ovates & Druids. (2015). The Order of Bards Ovates & Druids. Retrieved from http://www.druidry.org/.

[60] Please see Tuathail, S.A. (1993). Foclóir Draíochta – Dictionary of Druidism. Retrieved from http://www.imbas.org/articles/focloir_draiochta.html.

[61] In What is Druidry? (n.d.)., it, in full, states:

The Order of Bards, Ovates & Druids works with Druidry as a spiritual way and practice that speaks to three of our greatest yearnings: to be fully creative in our lives, to commune deeply with the world of Nature, and to gain access to a source of profound wisdom. Each of these yearnings comes from a different aspect of ourselves that we can personify as the Singer, the Shaman and the Sage. In Druidry, Bardic teachings help to nurture the singer, the artist or storyteller within us: the creative self; Ovate teachings help to foster the shaman, the lover of Nature, the healer within us; while the Druid teachings help to develop our inner wisdom: the sage who dwells within each of us.

Druidry, or Druidism as it is also known, manifests today in three usually separate ways: as a cultural enterprise to foster the Welsh, Cornish and Breton languages; as a fraternal pursuit to provide mutual support and to raise funds for good causes; and as a spiritual path. Each of these different approaches draws upon the inspiration of the ancient Druids, who were the guardians of a magical and religious tradition that existed before the coming of Christianity, and whose influence can be traced from the western shores of Ireland to the west of France – and perhaps beyond. Caesar wrote that the Druids originated in Britain.

The practice of Druidry was replaced with Christianity by the seventh century, and even though little is known about these ancient sages, groups in Britain who were inspired by the idea of the Druids began to form in the early eighteenth century. Like seeds that have lain dormant for centuries before suddenly flowering again, Druidry began a process of revival, started by scholars in Britain, France and Germany who became fascinated by the subject, and continued today by a small but rapidly growing number of people around the world who are inspired by the tradition, rituals and teachings that have evolved over the last two and a half centuries, which draw upon mythology and folklore whose origins lie in the pre-Christian era.

Druidry appeals in particular to people who have become disenchanted with much of conventional religious practice, and who are seeking a sense of spiritual connection with the land, and with their ancestors. In today’s fast-moving and environmentally-threatened world, they are looking for a sense of rootedness in Time and in Place, and for a sense of reverence for the Earth.”

Please see The Order of Bards Ovates & Druids. (n.d.). What is Druidry?. Retrieved from http://www.druidry.org/druid-way/what-druidry.

Appendix II: Citation Style Listing

American Medical Association (AMA): Jacobsen S. An Interview with J.J. Middleway (Part Four)In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal [Online]. December 2015; 9(A). Available from: https://in-sightjournal.com/2015/12/22/jj-middleway-part-four/.

American Psychological Association (APA, 6th Edition, 2010): Jacobsen, S.D. (2015, December 22). An Interview with J.J. Middleway (Part Four)Retrieved from https://in-sightjournal.com/2015/12/22/jj-middleway-part-four/.

Brazilian National Standards (ABNT): JACOBSEN, S. An Interview with  J.J. Middleway (Part Four)In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. 9.A, December. 2015. <https://in-sightjournal.com/2015/12/22/jj-middleway-part-four/>.

Chicago/Turabian, Author-Date (16th Edition): Jacobsen, Scott. 2015. “An Interview with J.J. Middleway (Part Four).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. 9.A. https://in-sightjournal.com/2015/12/22/jj-middleway-part-four/.

Chicago/Turabian, Humanities (16th Edition): Jacobsen, Scott “An Interview with J.J. Middleway (Part Four).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal. 9.A (December 2015). https://in-sightjournal.com/2015/12/22/jj-middleway-part-four/.

Harvard: Jacobsen, S. 2015, ‘An Interview with J.J. Middleway (Part Four)’, In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, vol. 9.A. Available from: <https://in-sightjournal.com/2015/12/22/jj-middleway-part-four/>.

Harvard, Australian: Jacobsen, S. 2015, ‘An Interview with J.J. Middleway (Part Four)’, In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal, vol. 9.A., https://in-sightjournal.com/2015/12/22/jj-middleway-part-four/.

Modern Language Association (MLA, 7th Edition, 2009): Scott D. Jacobsen. “An Interview with J.J. Middleway (Part Four).” In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal 9.A (2015):November. 2015. Web. <https://in-sightjournal.com/2015/12/22/jj-middleway-part-four/>.

Vancouver/ICMJE: Jacobsen S. An Interview with J.J. Middleway (Part Four) [Internet]. (2015, December); 9(A). Available from: https://in-sightjournal.com/2015/12/22/jj-middleway-part-four/.

License and Copyright

License

In-Sight Publishing and In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal by Scott Douglas Jacobsen is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at www.in-sightjournal.com.

Copyright

© Scott Douglas Jacobsen, and In-Sight Publishing and In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal 2012-2015. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this site’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Scott Douglas Jacobsen, and In-Sight Publishing and In-Sight: Independent Interview-Based Journal with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.  All interviewees co-copyright their interview material and may disseminate for their independent purposes.

Advertisements

From → Chronology

Leave a Comment

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: